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高中英語牛津版高一下學期CHAPTER THREE

時間:2009-11-17 01:06來源:互聯網 提供網友:zhou851117   字體: [ ]
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    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
[00:06.09]Simon like exciting films,but Debbie prefers nature films.
[00:14.52]One day, she said,'Do you want to watch this video,Simon?
[00:21.16]It's about strange living things.they can be very or huge!
[00:29.31]Some have lots of bodyguards1 to protect them.
[00:34.87]Some live for thousands of years.And some are killers3 and kidnappers4!
[00:44.33]Simon said,'It sounds really exciting!'
[00:49.89]But he had a surprise when he watched it.
[00:54.57]Here are some excerpts5 from it.Tgw Weird6 World of Plants
[01:02.51]This is the Venus Fly Trap.
[01:06.48]It has two special leaves,and each leaf has several hairs in the middle.
[01:13.14]If an insect touches one of these the leaves start to shut together.
[01:19.80]The insect often tries to run away.
[01:24.45]But the plant moves more quickly than the insect.
[01:29.73]The victim is trapped in a little prison.
[01:33.68]Soon it dies, and the plant gradually absorbs it.
[01:39.11]Plants live the longest of all things on Earth.
[01:43.55]A Bristlecone Pine in California is 4,700 years old
[01:50.39]and is still alive older than any written history.
[01:55.96]Plants can be as small as one cell,like the millions of tiny plants in the seas.
[02:02.72]One of the smallest is the Lichen7 plant which grows on stones.
[02:09.49]It is probably the plant which grows the most slowly.
[02:14.77]It can take a hundred years to grow a few centimetres.
[02:20.51]But plants can also be as big as the Giant Redwood,
[02:25.55]the world's most massive living thing.
[02:29.50]One tree in California is 84 m high
[02:35.38]and probably over two thousand tonnes in weight.
[02:40.24]No other type of tree grows higher than the Giant Redwood.
[02:45.56]The Dead Horse Arum attracts flies by looking and smelling like dead meat.
[02:52.33]Once they get inside the plant,it shuts a door,
[02:58.29]and keeps them prisoner for a night.
[03:02.41]During the night, it drops pollen8 on them.
[03:07.06]It releases them the next morning covered in pollen,
[03:12.52]so that they can go and carry the pollen to another Arum.
[03:17.80]One type of Acacia tree in South America encourages ants to live in it.
[03:24.96]The tree provides the ants with a home(in special branches)
[03:31.30]and with food (little pieces of protein at the end of some leaves).
[03:38.07]In return,the ants defend their tree as fiercely as they can.
[03:44.00]They attack any other insect or animal which comes near,
[03:49.07]and even remove other plants growing near it
[03:53.72]LISTENING
[03:58.29]Understanding the sequence of events
[06:52.55]SPEAKING
[06:57.12]A Talk time
[07:00.78]Helping our listeners to understand us
[07:05.33]When we talk to people, we must use our voices
[07:10.68]so thatour listeners can underst and us easily.
[07:15.54]We should:speak loudly enough to be heard;pronounce words correctly;
[07:24.92]stress words or syllables9 that we think are important;
[07:30.17]let our voices rise or fall at the end of sentences,clauses or phrases
[07:37.74]which are often shown by punctuation10 marks;
[07:42.50]pause at the end of sentences,clauses or phrases.
[07:48.66]Exercise A1
[07:52.22]I have an announcement to make.
[07:56.97]It's about this year's Science Exhibition.
[08:02.61]Last week,I asked for volunteers to help with the arrangements.
[08:11.96]Up to now,only one person has given me her name.
[08:19.51]I need six more,so please let me have some more names,by Friday at the latest.
[08:30.98]Exercise A2
[08:34.95]Ladies and gentlemen(p)
[08:38.79]For the past year(p)
[08:42.34]I've been experimenting with the blood of mice,
[08:49.01](p)and I've made a very interesting discovery.
[08:55.35]Every day,of white cells in the blood rises and falls.
[09:04.52]Even more interesting there is a rhythm to this rise and fall.
[09:13.67]I believe this rhythm is present in ail11 living things,including ourselves.
[09:25.63]more language input(Ⅲ)
[09:29.57]Reading
[09:33.94]Learn to care for plants
[09:37.59]The Native Plant Gardens in Victoria British Columbia
[09:43.24]Canada contain a large collection of living examples of [09:48.70]plants that grow in the local area.
[09:52.74]Most of the plants are collected from the wild.Some are from nurseries.
[09:59.09]The gardeners look after the plants and the beds very carefully.
[10:04.73]They cultivate the soil,and water the plants regularly.
[10:10.51]They also check for diseases or pests once a week.
[10:16.39]The name of each plant,the place it came fromits location in the gardens
[10:23.93]and its reference number are all recorded on cards and in computer files.
[10:30.70]Records of the yearly growth cycles of many plants are also available.
[10:36.87]The Native Plant Gardens offer an ideal setting for school pro2 grammes[10:43.71]in plant identification,plant use and ecology.
[10:49.35]Students often come here for outdoor studies
[10:54.81]and hands on gardening and research
[10:59.17]Listening
[11:04.61]Too shy!you are going hear a passage about a plant called mimosa.
[11:10.85]fill in the blanks with the wrds you hear on fape.
[11:15.40]Have you ever seen a mimosa plant?
[11:19.86]Perhaps you have one right there in your home.
[11:24.72]Mimosa is a small(1)__which grows to about(2)___cm in height.
[11:31.67]It is a (3)___plant.
[11:35.64]If you(4)___it,its leaves will(5)___up within a few seconds.
[11:41.28]Scientists say that these leaves contain a special kind of cell.
[11:47.45]the(7)___in the cells quickly moves into the spaces between the cell walls
[11:54.11]The cells then(8)___causing the leaves to(9)___.
[11:59.54]If the plant is left alone,
[12:02.99]the cells will soon fill with(10)__ and the leaveswill(11)___again.But remember: Don't be like the touchy12 mimosa yourself!
[12:09.16]Many people like this(12)___plant.
[12:13.31]It's(13)___watchingthe leaves(14)___and(15)___.
[12:17.99]But remember: Don't be like the touchy mimosa yourself!

點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 bodyguards 3821fc3f6fca49a9cdaf6dca498d42dc     
n.保鏢,衛士,警衛員( bodyguard的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Brooks came to Jim's office accompanied—like always—by his two bodyguards. 和往常一樣,在兩名保鏢的陪同下,布魯克斯去吉姆的辦公室。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • Three of his bodyguards were injured in the attack. 在這次襲擊事件中,他有3名保鏢受了傷。 來自辭典例句
2 pro tk3zvX     
n.贊成,贊成的意見,贊成者
參考例句:
  • The two debating teams argued the question pro and con.辯論的兩組從贊成與反對兩方面辯這一問題。
  • Are you pro or con nuclear disarmament?你是贊成還是反對核裁軍?
3 killers c1a8ff788475e2c3424ec8d3f91dd856     
兇手( killer的名詞復數 ); 消滅…者; 致命物; 極難的事
參考例句:
  • He remained steadfast in his determination to bring the killers to justice. 他要將殺人兇手繩之以法的決心一直沒有動搖。
  • They were professional killers who did in John. 殺死約翰的這些人是職業殺手。
4 kidnappers cce17449190af84dbf37efcfeaf5f600     
n.拐子,綁匪( kidnapper的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • They were freed yesterday by their kidnappers unharmed. 他們昨天被綁架者釋放了,沒有受到傷害。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The kidnappers had threatened to behead all four unless their jailed comrades were released. 幫匪們曾經威脅說如果印度方面不釋放他們的同伙,他們就要將這四名人質全部斬首。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
5 excerpts 2decb803173f2e91acdfb31c501d6725     
n.摘錄,摘要( excerpt的名詞復數 );節選(音樂,電影)片段
參考例句:
  • Some excerpts from a Renaissance mass are spatchcocked into Gluck's pallid Don Juan music. 一些文藝復光時期的彌撒的選節被不適當地加入到了格魯克平淡無味的唐璜音樂中。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He is editing together excerpts of some of his films. 他正在將自己制作的一些電影的片斷進行剪輯合成。 來自辭典例句
6 weird bghw8     
adj.古怪的,離奇的;怪誕的,神秘而可怕的
參考例句:
  • From his weird behaviour,he seems a bit of an oddity.從他不尋常的行為看來,他好像有點怪。
  • His weird clothes really gas me.他的怪衣裳簡直笑死人。
7 lichen C94zV     
n.地衣, 青苔
參考例句:
  • The stone stairway was covered with lichen.那石級長滿了地衣。
  • There is carpet-like lichen all over the moist corner of the wall.潮濕的墻角上布滿了地毯般的綠色苔蘚。
8 pollen h1Uzz     
n.[植]花粉
參考例句:
  • Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious.蜂鳥發現花蜜和花粉是很有營養的。
  • He developed an allergy to pollen.他對花粉過敏。
9 syllables d36567f1b826504dbd698bd28ac3e747     
n.音節( syllable的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • a word with two syllables 雙音節單詞
  • 'No. But I'll swear it was a name of two syllables.' “想不起。不過我可以發誓,它有兩個音節。” 來自英漢文學 - 雙城記
10 punctuation 3Sbxk     
n.標點符號,標點法
參考例句:
  • My son's punctuation is terrible.我兒子的標點符號很糟糕。
  • A piece of writing without any punctuation is difficult to understand.一篇沒有任何標點符號的文章是很難懂的。
11 ail lVAze     
v.生病,折磨,苦惱
參考例句:
  • It may provide answers to some of the problems that ail America.這一點可能解答困擾美國的某些問題。
  • Seek your sauce where you get your ail.心痛還須心藥治。
12 touchy PJfz6     
adj.易怒的;棘手的
參考例句:
  • Be careful what you say because he's touchy.你說話小心,因為他容易生氣。
  • He's a little touchy about his weight.他對自己的體重感到有點兒苦惱。
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