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教你發美音:The Sound and Style of American English-tap

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  The Sound and Style of American English-tape 2
Dr.David Alan Stern
LESSON 1: SEPARATING THE HARD & SOFT VOWELS3
Dr.David Alan Stern
[LANGUAGE NOTE: Second language English speakers form almost any language have at least some trouble separating the hard and soft vowels in each of the following pairs. Speakers from ROMANCE LANGUAGES have particular trouble with the soft forms. Speakers from RUSSIAN and other SLAVIC LANGUAGES and speakers of YIDDISH and HEBREW have more trouble with the hard forms. BUT -- these pairs represent one of the most important pronunciation skills for any second language English speakers.]
Listen closely to the instructions in lesson One of the tape. It will explain how to create the differences between the hard and soft sounds in each of four pairs of vowels. Each of the hard sounds has at least some of the characteristics of a diphthong -- (1) there is more rear-tongue movement, (2) there is a second stage or "echo" on the vowel2, and (3) there is a slight downward pitch glide7. The soft vowel in each pair is short, stays on one pitch, and has little or no movement in the back of the tongue.
SECTION #1: HARD E and SOFT I {Counter #_______}
L1/S1-A: "The Hard E"
Phonetic8 Symbol : [ i ]
COMMON SPELLINGS :
"ee" as in TREE, SEEM, EEL9
"e+consonant+e" as in CONCRETE, SUPREME10, SCENE
"ea" as in MEAT, PEAS, EAN
"y" as in MARY, HAPPILY, ENVY
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"ie" as in YIELD, IECES
"ei" as in CEILING
"i" as in SKI, INTRIGUE11, MACHINE
EACH, EVEN, SEE, KEY, GREEN, TREE, HE, SHE, WE, ME, BE, VERY, HAPPY, COUNTRY, SOFTLY, QUICKLY
EEL, MEAL, SEAL, DEAL, APPEAL, REAL, WHEEL
- THE GREEN CAR WENT SPEEDING ON THE FREEWAY.
- SHE WAS HAPPY TO BE EATING CHEESE.
- HE HURT HIS KNEE WHILE SKIING VERY RAPIDLY.
- DON'T TEASE ME; MY MONEY IS REAL.
- I'M VERY SORRY YOU DON'T AGREE WITH ME.
Now here are additional worlds and sentences containing this hard sound which are not recorded on the tape.
each see teach fleece key me
deal equal eager police knee green
agree feed easy unique meal tree
cheat either ego12 ceiling please supreme
free speak be needle freeway eaves
machine tea fee team money Eden
achieve scene keen squeeze enough pieces
yield beat meat stream esteem14 beak15
intrigue need neat jubilee16 fever three
- Please cease to creep through the Garden of Eden.
- Meat and cheese were served under the tree.
- He twisted his knee while skiing fleetly down the peak.
- Steve went to pieces because he was green with envy.
- The speed demon18 careened off the freeway.
- He teased the eager Marine19 with sneezing powder.
- Meat, peas, and beans each provide protein.
- He achieves intrigue by agreeing to speak Japanese.
- She cheated me by dealing20 thirteen threes.
- The reason for ceasing to speak was the parrot's beak.
- Jean and the team serenely21 jumped onto the beam.
L1/S1-B: "THE SOFT I"
Phonetic Symbol : [ I ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"i" as in IT, SIT, STILL, IN, SISTER, VISIT, INFANT
OCCASIONAL SPELLING:
"y" as in "symbol" and "typical"
IT, IS, SISTER, VISIT, TIP, BIG, DIFFERENT, IN, INSIDE, INTEREST, HINT, HIMSELF, WINTER
ILL, SILK, HILL, BILL, FILL, UNTIL, PILL
- GO INSIDE AND SIT STILL.
- THIS WINTER WILL BE DIFFERENT.
- BILL VISITED HIS RICH SISTER.
- PICK HIM UP ON FIFTH AVENUE.
- WE LIFTED THE INFANT OUT OF HIS CRIB.
Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
inside mill pick physical wind city
still hill cymbals22 witty23 ill sister
flip24 exhibit disappear zipper25 income lift
history linen26 winter hint different mistake
assist rich interest pyramid brittle27 exhibit
pitch infant invisible quiver big live
will trip lick crib visit tickle28
- Winter differs incredibly in its impact on individuals.
- The inspector29 charged interest on Wilma's income tax.
- The clinician instantly investigated the infant's itch6.
- Sit inside the pavilion instead of in the sun.
- The chicken committed itself to the interest of dinner.
- I intend to split the pit in the middle of the cherry.
- I instantly intended to imply that you were ignorant.
- The infant twitched31 and gripped the crib.
- Inspector Smith hinted at mistakes in the investigation32.
- Jill will tickle her big sister immediately.
- Pick him up at the liquor store on Fifth Street.
L1/S1-C: CONTRASTING "HARD E" and "SOFT I"
In this "contrast" section, for this and the three other pairs, I will put hard brackets [ ] around the hard vowel and soft brackets { } around the soft vowel.
-- S{I}T {I}N THAT S[EA]T BY THE W{I}NDOW.
-- SH[E] BROKE HER H[EE]L WHILE CLIMBING THE H{I}LL.
-- THE T[EA]M GR{I}NNED AFTER S[EE]ING THE GR[EE]N F[IE]LD.
Now, here are additional word drills for this vowel contrast which are not recorded on the tape.
[ ] { } [ ] { }
seep33 sip34 peak pick
heel hill keel kill
meal mill Neal nil35
real rill wheel will
feel fill eel ill
peel pill seal sill
leap lip cheap chip
SECTION #2: "HARD A" and "SOFT E" {Counter #.............}
L1/S2-A: The "HARD A"
Phonetic Symbol: [ ei ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"a+consonant+e" as in TAKE, SAGE36
"ei" as in WEIGH, NEIGHBOR
"ay" as in MAY, DAY, WAY
"ai" as in AIM, AID, FAIL, MAIL
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"a" as in AVIATOR37, APRIL
"ei" as in EIGHT
[LANGUAGE NOTE: More than any other vowel in human speech, the hard A is susceptible38 to upward gliding39 lilt. This is especially true for speakers of Hungarian, Finnish, Polish, and many of the languages of Africa and the Asian sub-continent. Do not permit this diphthong to slide up in pitch. ]
AIM, DAY, SAY
ALE, MALE, SAIL
- TODAY'S DATE IS APRIL THE EIGHTH.
- THE FREIGHT TRAIN TRAVELED AWAY FROM THE STATION.
- STAY AWAY FROM THE TRAIL WHEN IT IS RAINING.
Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this hard vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
weight player neighbor aviator frame ale
chased face instigate41 ailing42 haze43 ate
rainfall maybe fail freight lake ace40
display wayward male April jade44 ape
fateful fray45 inflame46 Kate labor47 base
baby haste blamed trail mail lace
take age dame48 jailer nasal aim
great safety failure Macy's nation page
came fate mistake whale plague sage
- A great April shower came our way today.
- They paid the price for delaying the instant replay.
- The ailing aviator chased the victory for its own sake.
- They blamed the dame with the famous face.
- The able often stray in this fateful age.
- Make haste; delay may instigate a fray.
- Statesmen hasten to awaken49 the nation these days.
- I may portray50 Dorian gray on the stage in a play.
- Nathan felt the weight of the fateful delay in rainfall.
- My real estate agent has a gabled house on three acres.
- Eight whales sprayed water as they came safely away.
L1/S2-B: THE "SOFT E"
Phonetic Symbol: [ e ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"e" as in TWENTY, ENTER, SELL
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"ea" as in SPREAD, SWEAT "ai" as in SAID
"a" as in ANY, MANY "ie" as in FRIEND
GET, READY, AGAIN, EVERY, ENEMY, FRIEND, BED, GET, READY, TEN, SENT
SELL, WELL, BELL, TELL
- MY FRIEND IS RESTING IN BED.
- ED SENT TEN LETTERS TO THE ENEMY.
- GET THE ROOM READY BEFORE THE DEADLINE.
- THE SENATOR MEANT EVERYTHING HE SAID YESTERDAY.
- THE GENERAL SLEPT IN HIS HEADQUARTERS.
Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this soft vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
twenty embrace semester fence red nest
enter tenth emulate51 friend Ben get
effort fresh deadline left Ken30 legs
net center federal mental Ted17 bed
men celebrate tender wreck52 gem53 stem
when memory shelf spread jet ebb54
render mentor55 crescent sweat wet eggs
element western credit election well bent56
century letter dilemma57 intellect sell test
- Ed rented the penthouse at an exorbitant58 price.
- Ten and ten eventually get you twenty.
- I meant every word I said in the elementary section.
- Ben was a general from several sections of Tennessee.
- Don't lose your temper when I enter the room.
- The song was rendered by men who twenty cents.
- He was especially edgy60 after the separation.
- I can't accept this mental dilemma.
- My ex-friend wrecked61 the mended fences.
- Jeff's hot temper tested his self-confidence.
- September seventh was a red-letter day.
L1/S2-C: Contrasting "Hard A" and "Soft E"
-- [EI]GHT M{E}N CAN'T G{E}T THROUGH THE G[A]TE.
- D{E}NNIS IS T[A]KING A T{E}CHNICAL COURSE.
- M{E}L IS A M[AI]L ARRIER.
-- S[AI]L THE BOAT OUT W{E}ST, AND THEN S{E}LL IT.
Now, here are additional word and sentence drills contrasting the two vowels in Pair #2.
{ } [ ] { } [ ] { } [ ]
led laid tread trade Ken cane62
tell tail sell sail Mel mail
bet bait den13 Dane get gate
led laid men main tech take
wes waste shed shade wed63 wade64
bell bail65 hell hail fell fail
SECTION #3: "HARD OO" and "SOFT oo" {Counter #______}
L1/S3-A: THE "HARD OO"
Phonetic symbol: [ u ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"oo" as in SMOOTH, SPOON, COOL
"ew" as in BREW4, THREW, SEWER66
"u" as in SUSAN, STUDIO, RUBY67, TRUTH
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"o+consonant+e" as in MOVE PROVE
"ui" as in JUICE "ue" as in BLUE, DUE
"o" as in WHO "ou" as in COUPE, TOUPEE68
SMOOTH, SPOON, BOOT, MOON, TRUTH
SCHOOL, COOL, RULE, FOOLISH
- IT'S TRUE THAT THE NEW SCHOOL IS A GLOOMY PLACE.
- HE CLEANS THE STUDIO EVERY TUESDAY AT NOON.
- SHE LIKES THE VIEW OF THE MOON ON JUNE NIGHTS.
- DRINK FRUIT JUICE WHEN YOU HAVE THE FLUE.
- JUDY WAS VERY RUDE TO SUSAN.
Now practice these additional words and sentences for the "Hard OO" vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
spoon prunes69 brew roof
smooth boost flute70 who
sewer moon rumor71 through
blue fruit prove room
coupons72 gloomy true shoe
prove threw truth food
plumage school rude boot
troupe73 ruby pool cool
bloom juicy loose move
- I always knew that prunes grew under the blue moon.
- The gloomy June moon is moving foolishly.
- At two past noon, I heard hooves on the roof.
- It's true that Sue proves school is gloomy.
- Give the student a boost with your boot.
- Rumor has it that raccoons buy fruit with coupons.
- Newman got juiced because Stu threw brew into the soup.
- After his review, the pupil developed a loose screw.
- Judy was rude to Susan.
- The crew brewed74 the stew75 for two hours.
L1/S3-B: THE "SOFT oo"
Phonetic Symbol: [ U ]
COMMON SPELLING:
"oo" as in WOOD, FOOT, TOOK
"u" as in BULLET, FULL, BUSHEL, PUT
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"o" as in WOLF, WOMAN
"ou" as in WOULD, COULD, SHOULD
COULD, GOOD, SHOULD, WOODEN, FOOT, GOOD-BYE, WOLF, TOOK, LOOK
PULL, BULL, FULL, BULLET
- HE TOOK A LOOK UNDER THE CAR'S HOOD76.
- THEY PULLED THE WOLF OUT OF THE WOODS.
- THERE ART GOOD BOOKS IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD LIBRARY.
- THE BUTCHER'S STEAKS LOOKED REALLY GOOD.
- DR. GOODMAN TOOK A BULLET OUT OF THE MAN'S FOOT.
And some additional drills for this soft vowel:
wooden bullet boulevard could hook
careful bullion77 bully78 nook pull
helpful forsook79 butcher push bush
pulpit boogie booklet wood put
Pullman goodness rookie full foot
ambush80 hooded81 footwear soot82 good
should crook83 woman took book
good-bye sugar brook84 bull wolf
bushel pudding cushion hood good
couldn't wouldn't stood Ludwig look
- We pulled the wolf from the woods to the boulevard.
- The butcher's hook took out the sooty bully.
- Dr. Goodman took the bullet from the rookie's foot.
- Woody stood up wearing cushioned footwear.
- I understood there was a good book in the library.
- Brooks85 was hoodwinked from the pulpit by Mr. Cook.
- Only tourists put bushels of soot in the brook.
- Captain Hook ate a bushel of cookies.
- I couldn't have understood the crook's motives86.
- The Pullman conductor took a look at his ticket book.
L1/S3-C: CONTRASTING "HARD OO" and "SOFT oo"
-- WE P{U}LLED HIM OUT OF THE SWIMMING P[OO]L.
-- HE P{U}T HIS F{OO}T IN THE N[EW] B[OO]T.
-- THE W{O}MAN SAID G{OO}D-BYE TO HER ST[U]DENTS..
-- HE C{OU}LDN'T PR[O]VE THAT THE N[EW]S WAS TR[UE].
And here are some additional contrasts between the hard and soft vowels which aren't recorded on the tape.
[ ] { } [ ] { }
wooed wood cooed could
pool pull fool full
who'd hood shoed should
stewed87 stood Luke look
PAIR #4: "HARD O" "SOFT AW" {Counter #........}
L 1/ S 4-A: "THE "HARD O"
Phonetic symbol: [ ou ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"o" as in OVER, OCEAN, NOTION, POLAR, TOMATO
"o+consonat+e" as in WROTE, QUOTE,,SMOKE
" ow" as in ROW, BOWL, GROW
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"ew" an in SEW "os " as in SOAK, LOAF
" oe " as in WOEFUL "ough" as in FURLOUGH
GO, HOME, MOTION, OVER, OCEAN, NO, GROW, ECHO, PHONE, NOBODY
GOAL, ROLE, MOLD, COLD
- I HOPE I CAN GO HOME TOMORROW.
- SHE ROWED THE BOAT OVER THE OCEAN.
- HE WROTE HOME HOPING FOR A BIG LOAN.
Now some additional drills for the "Hard O" vowel:
romance notion phone grow loan
lowly co-host oaken legato hope
furlough ghost slowly sew solo
apropos88 grocery ocean window soak
romance dough89 staccato bold loan
photo blown moment loaf row
wrote tomato motion loco flow
polar bloated don't moan over
pathos90 woeful float cone91 echo
- Long ago people slept on the cold earth.
- Slowly the ocean rolled toward the row of homes.
- The oboe and celled sat alone, echoing tone for tone.
- He was bloated after eating a roast and a tomato.
- Of all the folks I know, he is the most hopeful.
- The rowboat slowly floated in the ocean.
- I told Joan that the snow is flown in from Ohio.
- Smoke rolled out the open end of the hotel window
- Joan wrote to Joe, hoping for romance.
- I told the owner of the boat to be bold.
- I took the dough out of the bowl to make the loaf.
L 1/ S 4: "THE "SOFT AW"
Phonetic symbol: [ ?]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"a (1) " as in WALK ALL MALL
" au" as in SAUCE APPLAUD LAUNDRY CAUSE
" aw" as in AWFUL FLAN JAW93 LAWN
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"O" as in CLOTH, OFF, SONG, MOSS94
All, WALK, RAW, OUGHT
APPLAUD, TAUGHT, NAUGHT95, NAUTICAL96, CAUSE, SAUCE
OFTEN, CLOTH, LOST, SALT
- THE TALL AUTHOR PAUSED AND WALKED HOME.
- LEAVES FALL ON THE LAWN VERY OFTEN.
- PAUL ATE SOME REALLY AWFUL SAUCE.
- DON'T WALK OFF WITH SUCH A BAD COUGH.
Now try these extra words and sentences for the "Soft AW" vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
applaud laundry sought naught draw gnaw97
chalk flawless loft98 Walker flaw lawn
coffee shawl tongs99 thought mall awe100
malted bawdy101 strong caught moth102 walk
author mothball wrong brought hall jaw
taught hallway glossy103 bought loft off
vault104 cloth vaulted105 pause long all
cause nautical cough tall lost wall
autisti cought wrought106 laud92 raw stall
- The tall author walked often.
- The awkward, awful, strong man walked home.
- Lost boys often become flawless at reform school.
- Horses often cost more than the monthly draw.
- The dog fought the moth he had brought home.
- He stalked the ball and then vaulted down the hall.
- The awful sauce made Paul pause and then walk away.
- The cat crawled across the lawn with its hurt paw.
- Right or wrong, we applauded the awkward author.
- The cloth in the hall smells of moth balls.
- You taught me to vault flawlessly without falling.
L 1/ S 4-C: CONTRASTING "HARD O" & "SOFT AW"
-- [0]VER {A}LL, CL{0} TH IS BETTER THAN G[0]LD.
-- I S{AW} HIM W{A}LK H[0]ME AL[0]NE.
-- D[0]N'T F{A}LL IN THE [O]CEAN WHILE W{A}LKING ON THE B[OA]T.
Now try these other contrasts between the hard and soft vowel which are not recorded on the tape.
{ } [ ] { } [ ]
loft loafed walk woke
stall stole caught coat
pause pose chalk choke
LESSON 2: MORE DIPHTHONGS AND VOWELS
Dr.David Alan Stern
SECTION I: DIPHTHONGS {Counter #.......}
[LANGUAGE NOTE: Diphthongs (also know as double vowels) are significantly different in American English than in almost any other language or dialect in the world. So it doesn't matter what language you come from, you must learn to produce these sounds with the "quick downward glide" and the rear tongue these sounds with they possess in standard American speech, Practice them here in lesson #2, and go back and review the earlier diphthong lesson in Course # 1, Lesson # 5. Practicing the pronunciations of diphthongs gives you the perfect opportunity to combine pronunciation with the rear-tongue speech impulse that you learned in lesson #1. }
L 2/ S1-A: THE "LONG I" Phonetic Symbol: [ a I ]
COMMON SPELLING:
"i+consonant+e" as in LIFE, ADVICE
" y" as in PYLON108, SHY, DRY
"i" as in VIRUS, CRISIS, CHINA
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"igh" as in HIGH, FIGHT "ai" as in AISLE109
I'M, FINE, ARRIVE, CLIMB, TRIAL
Here are more words and sentences for this diphthong which aren't recorded on the tape.
erudite pylon shiner aisle lice high
appetite polite while Eliza flie icy
skylight crucify sideline fight icon110 eye
baptize identity slicing crime idle die
concise111 twilight112 crisis crime Nile dry
advice briny113 dried right fire side
thrice China virus night rye ride
pyrite myopic114 spicy115 light shy time
pliers pliable116 style bright cry life
- It's the right time to find a gold mine in the sky.
- I transcribed117 five dialogues, but I don't know why.
- The sight of dry land was exciting for Ira.
- A life of violent crime is a sign of t he times.
- Eliza was the pride of the science fair.
- Fried pike is sliced for Friday night's supper.
- Ivy118 vines are tied down behind the shutters119.
- My guide and I had a fine time on the Nile.
- Please recite ironic120 rhymes of an iambic kind.
- Blind justice presided at the indictment121.
- Dried spice is likely to be appetizing.
L 2/ S1-B: THE "AH-OO"
Phonetic Symbol: [ a u ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"ou" as in POUND, LOUD, OUT, MOUND122, POUCH123
" ow" as in COWARD, CROWN, WOW, COW, SHOWER
HOUR, OUT, SOUND, CROWN, TOWN
Now here are lots more words and sentences for this diphthong which are not recorded on the tape:
coward carouse124 crowd mouse count down
powder confound crown douse125 round town
pouch flounder cloud louse flower out
amount abound126 shroud127 hound proud cow
denounce profound trowel mound about bow
ounce allowed dowel pound bound now
pronoun round towel around foul128 how
mountain brown trounce house rout129 wow
south shower pounce130 doubt oust131 lout132
- The loudest hound in town bow-wowed at the mouse.
- The lout proudly scowled133 at those in the household.
- The coward found a trowel and plowed134 into the mound.
- I doubt t hat the louse will pound down the flowers.
- The crowd loudly prowled the streets of the town.
- The cow was doused135 by a shower out of the cloud.
- I found that I had gained about a pound.
- He counted the hours and vowed136 to get out of the house.
- The sow, the mouse and the cow sounded a rousing song.
- Wild flowers abound in out-of-the-way mountains.
L 2/ S1-C: THE "AW-EE" Phonetic Symbol:
COMMON SPELLINGS:
"oy" as in FOYER, JOYCE, OYSTER137,
"oi" as in SPOIL, VOID, NOISE
OYSTER, OIL, SOIL, MOISTURE, ANNOYED, JOYFUL138, SOYBEAN
And here are still more words and sentences for this diphthong which aren't recorded on the tape.
foyer despoil139 moisture ointment140 ploy141 Roy
Joyce Boise cloister142 oyster poi joy
rejoice buoyancy hoist143 choice coin Troy
foible broil144 annoy exploit coy boy
recoil145 asteroid147 soy sauce enjoy coil join
goiter appoint soybean royal toil148 soy
poise149 avoid Lloyd loyal foil oink
vice107 voyeur150 pointed151 noise loin oily
devoid152 anoint doily poignant153 oil soil
- The boy joined in the noise.
- Loyal Lloyd anointed the royal head with oil.
- Boyle put soy sauce on the boiled oysters154.
- He coiled around the moist cloister pillars.
- He toiled155 to hoist the soybeans from the soil.
- The boisterous156 boy oiled the noisy toy.
- He foiled the exploits of those who were loitering.
- Ointment is the best choice for your aching joints157.
- Joyce's poignant remark annoyed Roy Foy.
- The noisy boy lost his voice while rejoicing.
- The royalty158 exploited their loyal subjects.
The following are sentences containing all of the diphthongs. Use the proper technique as you repeat them after they are modeled on the tape.
- I GET AROUND THE TOWN QUITE WELL.
- THE BOY CAN'T FIND HIS LOUD TOY.
- HE WAS ANNOYED BY THE LOUD SOUNDS OF THE NIGHT.
- THE SIGN HE PAINTED WAS MOIST AFTER THE AWFUL RAIN SHOWER
SECTION II: SINGLE VOWELS {Counter #.........}
L 2/ S2: THE "UH" Phonetic Symbol: [ ?]
[LANGUAGE NOTE: As you already learned in Course # 1, Lesson #1, this vowel simply doesn't exist in most of the world's languages, Following the instructions on the tape for producing this sound regardless of what language you first spoke159.]
COMMON SPELLING: "u" as in UNDER, STUBBORN, HUT, US "o" as in MOTHER, LOVE, COME, OF
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS: " ou" as in SOUTHERN " oo" as in BLOOD " as " as in ABOVE
UNDER, MOTHER, LOVE, HUNT, SUCH
- RUN UP TO YOUR BROTHER'S HUNTING.
- THE DOVE FLEW UP ABOVE THE CLOUDS.
- HIS MOTHER COOKED SUPPER, BUT NOTHING COULD COMFORT HER SON.
And now more drills for this vowel which aren't recorded on the tape.
stubborn exult160 hunter Ulster rush nun5
stucco deluxe161 trouble cover hush162 hut
struggle discuss wonder alone hull163 cut
study brush lunch crush come bus
stump164 brunt upper chuck bunk165 us
ruffle166 budget nothing above bump some
rummage167 abduct168 unused slumber169 club of
glutton170 mumble171 until slush dump up
- This stuntman172 stumbles and tumbles in the mud.
- A mother's love is above that of another
- Some suds from the supper dishes were in a dull puddle173.
- The puppy covered up the other couple's lunch.
- The blood under the bud vase was trouble for Gus.
- The drunk number something into his cup.
- At an upper crust brunch174 one must wear gloves.
- The drunk mumbled175 something into his cup.
- The dumb puppet crust brunch one must wear gloves.
- Southern hunters used clubs and lived in huts.
- The glutton lunged for the crumbs176 of the crusty buns.
L 2/ S2-B: THE "SHORT A" Phonetic Symbol: [ ?]
[LANGUAGE NOTE: As you learned in Course # 1, this is another vowels which doesn't exist in most of the world's languages, Follow the instructions on the tape for producing this sound regardless of what language you first spoke. ]
COMMON SPELLINGS:
This vowel is almost always spelled
with the letter "a" as in:
HAND, AT, BACK, FABRIC177
SAD, MAD, CAT, GRASS, BAT, TRACK, MAN, DANCE
- I HAD TO HAVE A MATCH AFTER THE CANDLE WENT OUT.
- IT'S NATURAL FOR JACK178 TO BAT ONE-HANDED.
- STAN AND JOANNE ARE STANDING179 IN THE BACK OF THE BANK.
AFTER, GRANT, FRANCE, EXAMPLE, DRAFT, CRAFT, COMMAND
Now more practice on this vowel with drills you will not hear on the tape:
after passage adding rammed180 man Sam
basket baggage halfway181 anthill ask path
castle trap passed command as mass
France alcove182 bashful disaster aft rank
answer ample accept master Pam tank
soprano snack lamps absolute wax bank
laugh apples anthem183 ambulance lad Alps
shatter annual handsome frank hand bass184
glass admiral sandwich fabric bath math
- The soprano laughed as she shattered the glass.
- The passengers and baggage were trapped in the alcove.
- Pam made an ample snack of the wax apples.
- Lady Aster146 handed the annual to the wax apples.
- Ask any bashful man in Alabama and accept his answer.
- The huddled185 masses sang the National Anthem.
- Let's have a lamb and ham sandwich.
- Sam rammed the flag into the anthill.
- During the disaster the master commanded the castle.
- The staff had a rash of bad habits.
L 2/ S2: "SHORT O" as "AH" Phonetic Symbol: [ a ]
LANGUAGE NOTE: Even though the AH-vowel does exist in almost all of the world's language, it is usually not spelled with the letter "o" So, everyone, regardless of first language group, should practice not rounding this Short-O. ]
COMMON SPELLING:
"o" as in ROCK, OXYGEN, FOX, ON, POCKET
OCCASIONAL SPELLING:
" a " as in WHAT, WANT, WATCH, CALM, SWAMP, FATHER
ON, HOT, HONEST, GOD, LOCK, POSITIVE, OCCUPY
- PLEASE RESPOND HONESTLY AND CONFIDENTLY.
- I HAVEN'T GOTTEN ANY KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE NEW CONTEST.
- THE ROCKS AND THE LOGS ARE ON ROOF OF THE COTTAGE.
- HE WAS POSITIVE ABOUT THE HONOR OF GOD.
WHAT, WANT, WATCH, WASH, FATHER, CALM, SWAMP, SPA
- MY FATHER WANTED TO GO TO THE SPA.
- WHICH CLOTHES DO YOU WANT TO WASH TONIGHT?
- HE WALKED INTO THE SWAMP VERY CALMLY.
Now practice this vowel on these extra drills which aren't recorded on the tape
rock response lock jalopy
opera honor golf jonquil
obstinate186 oxygen locksmith common
odd opposite confidence almond
on obvious obelisk187 fox
bog188 occupy monogamy plot
pocket knock gondola189 Adonis
stop sock plotted positive
option obligate grotto190 constitute
spa aqua calm swamp
Utah balmy father want
- He occupied the gondola of the golf cart.
- The rocket short toward the opposite air lock
- The obstinate opera singer was preoccupied191.
- Becket was positive about the honor of God.
- Move the fox from the rocks to the bog.
- He was confident about giving an obstinate response.
- The frog got groggy192 and hopped193 away.
- Anonymous194 l letters commonly dishonor Adonis.
- Oxygen is commonly found in air pockets.
- The rock grotto was obviously on final option.
- I'm obligated to respond with fondest acknowledgments.
LESSON 3: R - SHADED VOWELS
Dr.David Alan Stern
[LANGUAGE NOTE: Many language groups such as SPANISH, ITALIAN, PORTUGUESE195 (European) , and RUSSIAN roll or trill the R-sounds with the front of the tongue. Others, such as FRENCH, HEBREW, GERMAN, and PORTUGUESE (Brazil) produce a throaty R-Shading, or, in the case of JAPANESE, CHINESE and other East Asian speakers, move it toward the sound of the L. American-style R-Shadings (as well as initial R-Sounds) must be practiced by speaker from all first language groups.
Follow the instructions on the tape for creating the American-style R-Shading when the letter 'R" comes after a vowel, Then repeat the following words and sentences which are recorded on the tape.
{Counter #........}
As in CAR, HERE, FOR, CARE
CAR, STAR, FAR, TAR59, PAR1, BAR, CARD, START
MOTHER, SISTER, HELPER, SUMMER,, WINTER, DANCER, PLAYER
EARTH, CURSED, THIRSTY, FIRST, GERMAN, VERB, WORD, WORM,
SHORE, MORE, CORE, EXPLORING, BORING, CORD
EAR, CHEER, APPEARED, SINCERE, CAREER, BEER
SURE, POOR, SECURE, ENDURE, JURY
AIR, PAIR, STAIRS, CARE, WEAR, FAIRLY, PREPARE
- MY MOTHER AND FATHER WENT HERE AND THERE.
- MY BROTHER HAD A HARD TIME FINDING WORK.
- DON'T YOU CARE ABOUT THE POOR WORKERS?
- THE FOREMAN OF THE JURY WAS A SINCERE LEADER.
- ME. JONES HAD A BEER PARTY EVERY SUMMER.
Now here are many additional words and sentences containing R-shaded vowels. The following drills are not included in the taped instruction.
runner brother father worker singer
player sister later master dancer
helper mother letter neither reader
lighter196 weaker nicer carrier writer
- The burglar and his helper stirred up such a clamor.
- My mother, my father, my sister and brother thank you.
- The runner staggered over the hill.
- Either was a good talker, but she never wrote letters.
- This summer went faster and further than last.
earth earnest first search perfect Herb
cursed worst hurdle197 early worst serve
thirst worm word German curve verb
- Herman was the first to win thirty games.
- The German hurdler was the scourge198 of the early games.
- Carl and Marni formed an artful partnership199.
- Park the car in Harvard Yard.
- The two sergeants200 are college archery partners.
- Are all the place guards qualified201 marksmen?
- Arthur charged out of the arbor202 unharmed.
four door more pour orphan203 support
shore before explore ignore Orville implore204
core nor sore fortune score shores
- Fourteen bored sportsmen adorned205 the shore.
- Forty gory206 creatures poured through the French doors.
- The spores207 were found in the core of the ornament208.
- The Concord209 poured forth210 exhaust causing sore throats.
- More and more support came forth for the orphans211' party.
hair barely dare everywhere lair212
pear fair careful prepare scare
rare air there stairs care
wear impair213 blare repair aware
- An air of excitement rarely blares down the stairs.
- Where did the polar bear go?
- Pay your fare, then tell the driver where to go.
- The flu scare was hard to bear.
- Where can I get my hair cut very carefully?
jeer214 clear queer appear peer sincere
weird215 sincere near cheer rear career
steer216 here spear deer beer tears
- Never fear, the wheel to steer is near the gear shift.
- The earring217 fell clear of the nearby pool.
- Be sincere my dear; it's a queer world.
- I'm sincere about wanting the deer to appear this year.
- A key of beer appeared near the rear window.
you're tour insure poor Iure
allure218 sure secure jury azure219
endure cure moor220 velour contour
- You're sure you can endure the long tour?
- Poor hunters offer no allure to sure
-shots.
- Insurance is a poor risk on guided tours.
- The cure for polio makes Salk's name endure.
- I'm secure that Mr. Moore will endure.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 par OK0xR     
n.標準,票面價值,平均數量;adj.票面的,平常的,標準的
參考例句:
  • Sales of nylon have been below par in recent years.近年來尼龍織品的銷售額一直不及以往。
  • I don't think his ability is on a par with yours.我認為他的能力不能與你的能力相媲美。
2 vowel eHTyS     
n.元音;元音字母
參考例句:
  • A long vowel is a long sound as in the word"shoe ".長元音即如“shoe” 一詞中的長音。
  • The vowel in words like 'my' and 'thigh' is not very difficult.單詞my和thigh中的元音并不難發。
3 vowels 6c36433ab3f13c49838853205179fe8b     
n.元音,元音字母( vowel的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比輔音響亮。 來自《現代英漢綜合大詞典》
  • Note the various sounds of vowels followed by r. 注意r跟隨的各種元音的發音。 來自超越目標英語 第3冊
4 brew kWezK     
v.釀造,調制
參考例句:
  • Let's brew up some more tea.咱們沏些茶吧。
  • The policeman dispelled the crowd lest they should brew trouble.警察驅散人群,因恐他們釀禍。
5 nun THhxK     
n.修女,尼姑
參考例句:
  • I can't believe that the famous singer has become a nun.我無法相信那個著名的歌星已做了修女。
  • She shaved her head and became a nun.她削發為尼。
6 itch 9aczc     
n.癢,渴望,疥癬;vi.發癢,渴望
參考例句:
  • Shylock has an itch for money.夏洛克渴望發財。
  • He had an itch on his back.他背部發癢。
7 glide 2gExT     
n./v.溜,滑行;(時間)消逝
參考例句:
  • We stood in silence watching the snake glide effortlessly.我們噤若寒蟬地站著,眼看那條蛇逍遙自在地游來游去。
  • So graceful was the ballerina that she just seemed to glide.那芭蕾舞女演員翩躚起舞,宛如滑翔。
8 phonetic tAcyH     
adj.語言的,語言上的,表示語音的
參考例句:
  • Our department has engaged a foreign teacher as phonetic adviser.我們系已經聘請了一位外籍老師作為語音顧問。
  • English phonetic teaching is an important teaching step in elementary stages.語音教學是英語基礎階段重要的教學環節。
9 eel bjAzz     
n.鰻鱺
參考例句:
  • He used an eel spear to catch an eel.他用一只捕鰻叉捕鰻魚。
  • In Suzhou,there was a restaurant that specialized in eel noodles.蘇州有一家飯館,他們那里的招牌菜是鰻魚面。
10 supreme PHqzc     
adj.極度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
參考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的時刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起訴書送交最高法院。
11 intrigue Gaqzy     
vt.激起興趣,迷住;vi.耍陰謀;n.陰謀,密謀
參考例句:
  • Court officials will intrigue against the royal family.法院官員將密謀反對皇室。
  • The royal palace was filled with intrigue.皇宮中充滿了勾心斗角。
12 ego 7jtzw     
n.自我,自己,自尊
參考例句:
  • He is absolute ego in all thing.在所有的事情上他都絕對自我。
  • She has been on an ego trip since she sang on television.她上電視臺唱過歌之后就一直自吹自擂。
13 den 5w9xk     
n.獸穴;秘密地方;安靜的小房間,私室
參考例句:
  • There is a big fox den on the back hill.后山有一個很大的狐貍窩。
  • The only way to catch tiger cubs is to go into tiger's den.不入虎穴焉得虎子。
14 esteem imhyZ     
n.尊敬,尊重;vt.尊重,敬重;把…看作
參考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我認為他不值得信賴。
  • The veteran worker ranks high in public love and esteem.那位老工人深受大伙的愛戴。
15 beak 8y1zGA     
n.鳥嘴,茶壺嘴,鉤形鼻
參考例句:
  • The bird had a worm in its beak.鳥兒嘴里叼著一條蟲。
  • This bird employs its beak as a weapon.這種鳥用嘴作武器。
16 jubilee 9aLzJ     
n.周年紀念;歡樂
參考例句:
  • They had a big jubilee to celebrate the victory.他們舉行盛大的周年紀念活動以祝賀勝利。
  • Every Jubilee,to take the opposite case,has served a function.反過來說,歷次君主巡幸,都曾起到某種作用。
17 ted 9gazhs     
vt.翻曬,撒,撒開
參考例句:
  • The invaders gut ted the village.侵略者把村中財物洗劫一空。
  • She often teds the corn when it's sunny.天好的時候她就翻曬玉米。
18 demon Wmdyj     
n.魔鬼,惡魔
參考例句:
  • The demon of greed ruined the miser's happiness.貪得無厭的惡習毀掉了那個守財奴的幸福。
  • He has been possessed by the demon of disease for years.他多年來病魔纏身。
19 marine 77Izo     
adj.海的;海生的;航海的;海事的;n.水兵
參考例句:
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.戰爭爆發時,他自愿參加了海軍陸戰隊。
20 dealing NvjzWP     
n.經商方法,待人態度
參考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.該商店因買賣公道而享有極高的聲譽。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的誠實的行為獲得我們的信任。
21 serenely Bi5zpo     
adv.安詳地,寧靜地,平靜地
參考例句:
  • The boat sailed serenely on towards the horizon.小船平穩地向著天水交接處駛去。
  • It was a serenely beautiful night.那是一個寧靜美麗的夜晚。
22 cymbals uvwzND     
pl.鐃鈸
參考例句:
  • People shouted, while the drums and .cymbals crashed incessantly. 人聲嘈雜,鑼鼓不停地大響特響。 來自漢英文學 - 家(1-26) - 家(1-26)
  • The dragon dance troupe, beating drums and cymbals, entered the outer compound. 龍燈隨著鑼鼓聲進來,停在二門外的大天井里。 來自漢英文學 - 家(1-26) - 家(1-26)
23 witty GMmz0     
adj.機智的,風趣的
參考例句:
  • Her witty remarks added a little salt to the conversation.她的妙語使談話增添了一些風趣。
  • He scored a bull's-eye in their argument with that witty retort.在他們的辯論中他那一句機智的反駁擊中了要害。
24 flip Vjwx6     
vt.快速翻動;輕拋;輕拍;n.輕拋;adj.輕浮的
參考例句:
  • I had a quick flip through the book and it looked very interesting.我很快翻閱了一下那本書,看來似乎很有趣。
  • Let's flip a coin to see who pays the bill.咱們來拋硬幣決定誰付錢。
25 zipper FevzVM     
n.拉鏈;v.拉上拉鏈
參考例句:
  • The zipper is red.這條拉鏈是紅色的。
  • The zipper is a wonderful invention.拉鏈是個了不起的發明。
26 linen W3LyK     
n.亞麻布,亞麻線,亞麻制品;adj.亞麻布制的,亞麻的
參考例句:
  • The worker is starching the linen.這名工人正在給亞麻布上漿。
  • Fine linen and cotton fabrics were known as well as wool.精細的亞麻織品和棉織品像羊毛一樣聞名遐邇。
27 brittle IWizN     
adj.易碎的;脆弱的;冷淡的;(聲音)尖利的
參考例句:
  • The pond was covered in a brittle layer of ice.池塘覆蓋了一層易碎的冰。
  • She gave a brittle laugh.她冷淡地笑了笑。
28 tickle 2Jkzz     
v.搔癢,胳肢;使高興;發癢;n.搔癢,發癢
參考例句:
  • Wilson was feeling restless. There was a tickle in his throat.威爾遜只覺得心神不定。嗓子眼里有些發癢。
  • I am tickle pink at the news.聽到這消息我高興得要命。
29 inspector q6kxH     
n.檢查員,監察員,視察員
參考例句:
  • The inspector was interested in everything pertaining to the school.視察員對有關學校的一切都感興趣。
  • The inspector was shining a flashlight onto the tickets.查票員打著手電筒查看車票。
30 ken k3WxV     
n.視野,知識領域
參考例句:
  • Such things are beyond my ken.我可不懂這些事。
  • Abstract words are beyond the ken of children.抽象的言辭超出小孩所理解的范圍.
31 twitched bb3f705fc01629dc121d198d54fa0904     
vt.& vi.(使)抽動,(使)顫動(twitch的過去式與過去分詞形式)
參考例句:
  • Her lips twitched with amusement. 她忍俊不禁地顫動著嘴唇。
  • The child's mouth twitched as if she were about to cry. 這小孩的嘴抽動著,像是要哭。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
32 investigation MRKzq     
n.調查,調查研究
參考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在調查中新發現了一件對他不利的事實。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根據自己的調查研究作出結論。
33 seep rDSzK     
v.滲出,滲漏;n.滲漏,小泉,水(油)坑
參考例句:
  • My anger began to seep away.我的怒火開始消下去了。
  • If meteoric water does not evaporate or run overland,it may seep directly into the ground.如果雨水不從陸地蒸發和流走的話,就可能直接滲入地下。
34 sip Oxawv     
v.小口地喝,抿,呷;n.一小口的量
參考例句:
  • She took a sip of the cocktail.她啜飲一口雞尾酒。
  • Elizabeth took a sip of the hot coffee.伊麗莎白呷了一口熱咖啡。
35 nil 7GgxO     
n.無,全無,零
參考例句:
  • My knowledge of the subject is practically nil.我在這方面的知識幾乎等于零。
  • Their legal rights are virtually nil.他們實際上毫無法律權利。
36 sage sCUz2     
n.圣人,哲人;adj.賢明的,明智的
參考例句:
  • I was grateful for the old man's sage advice.我很感激那位老人賢明的忠告。
  • The sage is the instructor of a hundred ages.這位哲人是百代之師。
37 aviator BPryq     
n.飛行家,飛行員
參考例句:
  • The young aviator bragged of his exploits in the sky.那名年輕的飛行員吹噓他在空中飛行的英勇事跡。
  • Hundreds of admirers besieged the famous aviator.數百名愛慕者圍困那個著名飛行員。
38 susceptible 4rrw7     
adj.過敏的,敏感的;易動感情的,易受感動的
參考例句:
  • Children are more susceptible than adults.孩子比成人易受感動。
  • We are all susceptible to advertising.我們都易受廣告的影響。
39 gliding gliding     
v. 滑翔 adj. 滑動的
參考例句:
  • Swans went gliding past. 天鵝滑行而過。
  • The weather forecast has put a question mark against the chance of doing any gliding tomorrow. 天氣預報對明天是否能舉行滑翔表示懷疑。
40 ace IzHzsp     
n.A牌;發球得分;佼佼者;adj.杰出的
參考例句:
  • A good negotiator always has more than one ace in the hole.談判高手總有數張王牌在手。
  • He is an ace mechanic.He can repair any cars.他是一流的機械師,什么車都會修。
41 instigate dxLyg     
v.教唆,慫恿,煽動
參考例句:
  • His object was to instigate a little rebellion on the part of the bishop.他的目的是,在主教方面煽起一場小小的造反。
  • It would not prove worthwhile to instigate a nuclear attack.挑起核攻擊最終是不值得的。
42 ailing XzzzbA     
v.生病
參考例句:
  • They discussed the problems ailing the steel industry. 他們討論了困擾鋼鐵工業的問題。
  • She looked after her ailing father. 她照顧有病的父親。
43 haze O5wyb     
n.霾,煙霧;懵懂,迷糊;vi.(over)變模糊
參考例句:
  • I couldn't see her through the haze of smoke.在煙霧彌漫中,我看不見她。
  • He often lives in a haze of whisky.他常常是在威士忌的懵懂醉意中度過的。
44 jade i3Pxo     
n.玉石;碧玉;翡翠
參考例句:
  • The statue was carved out of jade.這座塑像是玉雕的。
  • He presented us with a couple of jade lions.他送給我們一對玉獅子。
45 fray NfDzp     
v.爭吵;打斗;磨損,磨破;n.吵架;打斗
參考例句:
  • Why should you get involved in their fray?你為什么要介入他們的爭吵呢?
  • Tempers began to fray in the hot weather.大熱天脾氣煩燥。
46 inflame Hk9ye     
v.使燃燒;使極度激動;使發炎
參考例句:
  • Our lack of response seemed to inflame the colonel.由于我們沒有反應,好象惹惱了那個上校。
  • Chemical agents manufactured by our immune system inflame our cells and tissues,causing our nose to run and our throat to swell.我們的免疫系統產生的化學物質導致我們的細胞和組織發炎,導致我們流鼻水和我們的喉嚨膨脹。
47 labor P9Tzs     
n.勞動,努力,工作,勞工;分娩;vi.勞動,努力,苦干;vt.詳細分析;麻煩
參考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我們從不延誤付給他勞動報酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艱苦勞動兩周后,他已經疲憊不堪了。
48 dame dvGzR0     
n.女士
參考例句:
  • The dame tell of her experience as a wife and mother.這位年長婦女講了她作妻子和母親的經驗。
  • If you stick around,you'll have to marry that dame.如果再逗留多一會,你就要跟那個夫人結婚。
49 awaken byMzdD     
vi.醒,覺醒;vt.喚醒,使覺醒,喚起,激起
參考例句:
  • Old people awaken early in the morning.老年人早晨醒得早。
  • Please awaken me at six.請于六點叫醒我。
50 portray mPLxy     
v.描寫,描述;畫(人物、景象等)
參考例句:
  • It is difficult to portray feelings in words.感情很難用言語來描寫。
  • Can you portray the best and worst aspects of this job?您能描述一下這份工作最好與最壞的方面嗎?
51 emulate tpqx9     
v.努力趕上或超越,與…競爭;效仿
參考例句:
  • You must work hard to emulate your sister.你必須努力工作,趕上你姐姐。
  • You must look at the film and try to emulate his behavior.你們必須觀看這部電影,并盡力模仿他的動作。
52 wreck QMjzE     
n.失事,遇難;沉船;vt.(船等)失事,遇難
參考例句:
  • Weather may have been a factor in the wreck.天氣可能是造成這次失事的原因之一。
  • No one can wreck the friendship between us.沒有人能夠破壞我們之間的友誼。
53 gem Ug8xy     
n.寶石,珠寶;受愛戴的人 [同]jewel
參考例句:
  • The gem is beyond my pocket.這顆寶石我可買不起。
  • The little gem is worth two thousand dollars.這塊小寶石價值兩千美元。
54 ebb ebb     
vi.衰退,減退;n.處于低潮,處于衰退狀態
參考例句:
  • The flood and ebb tides alternates with each other.漲潮和落潮交替更迭。
  • They swam till the tide began to ebb.他們一直游到開始退潮。
55 mentor s78z0     
n.指導者,良師益友;v.指導
參考例句:
  • He fed on the great ideas of his mentor.他以他導師的偉大思想為支撐。
  • He had mentored scores of younger doctors.他指導過許多更年輕的醫生。
56 bent QQ8yD     
n.愛好,癖好;adj.彎的;決心的,一心的
參考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心撲在這項計劃上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我們盡了最大努力幫助他們。
57 dilemma Vlzzf     
n.困境,進退兩難的局面
參考例句:
  • I am on the horns of a dilemma about the matter.這件事使我進退兩難。
  • He was thrown into a dilemma.他陷入困境。
58 exorbitant G7iyh     
adj.過分的;過度的
參考例句:
  • More competition should help to drive down exorbitant phone charges.更多的競爭有助于降低目前畸高的電話收費。
  • The price of food here is exorbitant. 這兒的食物價格太高。
59 tar 1qOwD     
n.柏油,焦油;vt.涂或澆柏油/焦油于
參考例句:
  • The roof was covered with tar.屋頂涂抹了一層瀝青。
  • We use tar to make roads.我們用瀝青鋪路。
60 edgy FuMzWT     
adj.不安的;易怒的
參考例句:
  • She's been a bit edgy lately,waiting for the exam results.她正在等待考試結果,所以最近有些焦躁不安。
  • He was nervous and edgy, still chain-smoking.他緊張不安,還在一根接一根地抽著煙。
61 wrecked ze0zKI     
adj.失事的,遇難的
參考例句:
  • the hulk of a wrecked ship 遇難輪船的殘骸
  • the salvage of the wrecked tanker 對失事油輪的打撈
62 cane RsNzT     
n.手杖,細長的莖,藤條;v.以杖擊,以藤編制的
參考例句:
  • This sugar cane is quite a sweet and juicy.這甘蔗既甜又多汁。
  • English schoolmasters used to cane the boys as a punishment.英國小學老師過去常用教鞭打男學生作為懲罰。
63 wed MgFwc     
v.娶,嫁,與…結婚
參考例句:
  • The couple eventually wed after three year engagement.這對夫婦在訂婚三年后終于結婚了。
  • The prince was very determined to wed one of the king's daughters.王子下定決心要娶國王的其中一位女兒。
64 wade nMgzu     
v.跋涉,涉水;n.跋涉
參考例句:
  • We had to wade through the river to the opposite bank.我們只好涉水過河到對岸。
  • We cannot but wade across the river.我們只好趟水過去。
65 bail Aupz4     
v.舀(水),保釋;n.保證金,保釋,保釋人
參考例句:
  • One of the prisoner's friends offered to bail him out.犯人的一個朋友答應保釋他出來。
  • She has been granted conditional bail.她被準予有條件保釋。
66 sewer 2Ehzu     
n.排水溝,下水道
參考例句:
  • They are tearing up the street to repair a sewer. 他們正挖開馬路修下水道。
  • The boy kicked a stone into the sewer. 那個男孩把一石子踢進了下水道。
67 ruby iXixS     
n.紅寶石,紅寶石色
參考例句:
  • She is wearing a small ruby earring.她戴著一枚紅寶石小耳環。
  • On the handle of his sword sat the biggest ruby in the world.他的劍柄上鑲有一顆世上最大的紅寶石。
68 toupee BqcyT     
n.假發
參考例句:
  • When he grew bald he bought a toupee.頭發掉了后,他買了一頂假發。
  • While I was writing that last paragraph,the nurse straightened my toupee.我寫最后一段的時候,護士正了正我的假發。
69 prunes 92c0a2d4c66444bc8ee239641ff76694     
n.西梅脯,西梅干( prune的名詞復數 )v.修剪(樹木等)( prune的第三人稱單數 );精簡某事物,除去某事物多余的部分
參考例句:
  • Dried fruits such as prunes, pears, and peaches, are stewed. 梅干、梨脯、桃脯等干果,都是燉過的。 來自辭典例句
  • We had stewed prunes for breakfast. 我們早飯吃燉梅干。 來自辭典例句
70 flute hj9xH     
n.長笛;v.吹笛
參考例句:
  • He took out his flute, and blew at it.他拿出笛子吹了起來。
  • There is an extensive repertoire of music written for the flute.有很多供長笛演奏的曲目。
71 rumor qS0zZ     
n.謠言,謠傳,傳說
參考例句:
  • The rumor has been traced back to a bad man.那謠言經追查是個壞人造的。
  • The rumor has taken air.謠言流傳開了。
72 coupons 28882724d375042a7b19db1e976cb622     
n.禮券( coupon的名詞復數 );優惠券;訂貨單;參賽表
參考例句:
  • The company gives away free coupons for drinks or other items. 公司為飲料或其它項目發放免費贈券。 來自辭典例句
  • Do you have any coupons? 你們有優惠卡嗎? 來自英漢 - 翻譯樣例 - 口語
73 troupe cmJwG     
n.劇團,戲班;雜技團;馬戲團
參考例句:
  • The art troupe is always on the move in frontier guards.文工團常年在邊防部隊流動。
  • The troupe produced a new play last night.劇團昨晚上演了一部新劇。
74 brewed 39ecd39437af3fe1144a49f10f99110f     
調制( brew的過去式和過去分詞 ); 醞釀; 沏(茶); 煮(咖啡)
參考例句:
  • The beer is brewed in the Czech Republic. 這種啤酒是在捷克共和國釀造的。
  • The boy brewed a cup of coffee for his mother. 這男孩給他媽媽沖了一杯咖啡。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
75 stew 0GTz5     
n.燉湯,燜,煩惱;v.燉湯,燜,憂慮
參考例句:
  • The stew must be boiled up before serving.燉肉必須煮熟才能上桌。
  • There's no need to get in a stew.沒有必要煩惱。
76 hood ddwzJ     
n.頭巾,兜帽,覆蓋;v.罩上,以頭巾覆蓋
參考例句:
  • She is wearing a red cloak with a hood.她穿著一件紅色帶兜帽的披風。
  • The car hood was dented in.汽車的發動機罩已凹了進去。
77 bullion VSryB     
n.金條,銀條
參考例句:
  • In the London bullion market yesterday,the price of gold was steady.昨天倫敦金銀市場黃金價格穩定。
  • Police have launched a man-hunt for the bullion robbers.警方已大舉搜捕搶劫金條的罪犯。
78 bully bully     
n.恃強欺弱者,小流氓;vt.威脅,欺侮
參考例句:
  • A bully is always a coward.暴漢常是懦夫。
  • The boy gave the bully a pelt on the back with a pebble.那男孩用石子擲擊小流氓的背脊。
79 forsook 15e454d354d8a31a3863bce576df1451     
forsake的過去式
參考例句:
  • He faithlessly forsook his friends in their hour of need. 在最需要的時刻他背信棄義地拋棄朋友。
  • She forsook her worldly possessions to devote herself to the church. 她拋棄世上的財物而獻身教會。
80 ambush DNPzg     
n.埋伏(地點);伏兵;v.埋伏;伏擊
參考例句:
  • Our soldiers lay in ambush in the jungle for the enemy.我方戰士埋伏在叢林中等待敵人。
  • Four men led by a sergeant lay in ambush at the crossroads.由一名中士率領的四名士兵埋伏在十字路口。
81 hooded hooded     
adj.戴頭巾的;有罩蓋的;頸部因肋骨運動而膨脹的
參考例句:
  • A hooded figure waited in the doorway. 一個戴兜帽的人在門口等候。
  • Black-eyed gipsy girls, hooded in showy handkerchiefs, sallied forth to tell fortunes. 黑眼睛的吉卜賽姑娘,用華麗的手巾包著頭,突然地闖了進來替人算命。 來自辭典例句
82 soot ehryH     
n.煤煙,煙塵;vt.熏以煤煙
參考例句:
  • Soot is the product of the imperfect combustion of fuel.煤煙是燃料不完全燃燒的產物。
  • The chimney was choked with soot.煙囪被煤灰堵塞了。
83 crook NnuyV     
v.使彎曲;n.小偷,騙子,賊;彎曲(處)
參考例句:
  • He demanded an apology from me for calling him a crook.我罵他騙子,他要我向他認錯。
  • She was cradling a small parcel in the crook of her elbow.她用手臂挎著一個小包裹。
84 brook PSIyg     
n.小河,溪;v.忍受,容讓
參考例句:
  • In our room we could hear the murmur of a distant brook.在我們房間能聽到遠處小溪汩汩的流水聲。
  • The brook trickled through the valley.小溪涓涓流過峽谷。
85 brooks cdbd33f49d2a6cef435e9a42e9c6670f     
n.小溪( brook的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Brooks gave the business when Haas caught him with his watch. 哈斯抓到偷他的手表的布魯克斯時,狠狠地揍了他一頓。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • Ade and Brooks exchanged blows yesterday and they were severely punished today. 艾德和布魯克斯昨天打起來了,今天他們受到嚴厲的懲罰。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
86 motives 6c25d038886898b20441190abe240957     
n.動機,目的( motive的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • to impeach sb's motives 懷疑某人的動機
  • His motives are unclear. 他的用意不明。
87 stewed 285d9b8cfd4898474f7be6858f46f526     
adj.焦慮不安的,爛醉的v.燉( stew的過去式和過去分詞 );煨;思考;擔憂
參考例句:
  • When all birds are shot, the bow will be set aside;when all hares are killed, the hounds will be stewed and eaten -- kick out sb. after his services are no longer needed. 鳥盡弓藏,兔死狗烹。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
  • \"How can we cook in a pan that's stewed your stinking stockings? “染臭襪子的鍋,還能煮雞子吃!還要它?” 來自漢英文學 - 中國現代小說
88 apropos keky3     
adv.恰好地;adj.恰當的;關于
參考例句:
  • I thought he spoke very apropos.我認為他說得很中肯。
  • He arrived very apropos.他來得很及時。
89 dough hkbzg     
n.生面團;錢,現款
參考例句:
  • She formed the dough into squares.她把生面團捏成四方塊。
  • The baker is kneading dough.那位面包師在揉面。
90 pathos dLkx2     
n.哀婉,悲愴
參考例句:
  • The pathos of the situation brought tears to our eyes.情況令人憐憫,看得我們不禁流淚。
  • There is abundant pathos in her words.她的話里富有動人哀憐的力量。
91 cone lYJyi     
n.圓錐體,圓錐形東西,球果
參考例句:
  • Saw-dust piled up in a great cone.鋸屑堆積如山。
  • The police have sectioned off part of the road with traffic cone.警察用錐形路標把部分路面分隔開來。
92 laud gkxyJ     
n.頌歌;v.贊美
參考例句:
  • Kathy was very pleased to have graduated cum laud in her class.凱西在班上以優等成績畢業,她為此而非常高興。
  • We laud him a warmhearted man.我們稱贊他是個熱心人。
93 jaw 5xgy9     
n.顎,頜,說教,流言蜚語;v.喋喋不休,教訓
參考例句:
  • He delivered a right hook to his opponent's jaw.他給了對方下巴一記右鉤拳。
  • A strong square jaw is a sign of firm character.強健的方下巴是剛毅性格的標志。
94 moss X6QzA     
n.苔,蘚,地衣
參考例句:
  • Moss grows on a rock.苔蘚生在石頭上。
  • He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看見他枕著樹葉和苔蘚睡著了。
95 naught wGLxx     
n.無,零 [=nought]
參考例句:
  • He sets at naught every convention of society.他輕視所有的社會習俗。
  • I hope that all your efforts won't go for naught.我希望你的努力不會毫無結果。
96 nautical q5azx     
adj.海上的,航海的,船員的
參考例句:
  • A nautical mile is 1,852 meters.一海里等于1852米。
  • It is 206 nautical miles from our present location.距離我們現在的位置有206海里。
97 gnaw E6kyH     
v.不斷地啃、咬;使苦惱,折磨
參考例句:
  • Dogs like to gnaw on a bone.狗愛啃骨頭。
  • A rat can gnaw a hole through wood.老鼠能啃穿木頭。
98 loft VkhyQ     
n.閣樓,頂樓
參考例句:
  • We could see up into the loft from bottom of the stairs.我們能從樓梯腳邊望到閣樓的內部。
  • By converting the loft,they were able to have two extra bedrooms.把閣樓改造一下,他們就可以多出兩間臥室。
99 tongs ugmzMt     
n.鉗;夾子
參考例句:
  • She used tongs to put some more coal on the fire.她用火鉗再夾一些煤放進爐子里。
  • He picked up the hot metal with a pair of tongs.他用一把鉗子夾起這塊熱金屬。
100 awe WNqzC     
n.敬畏,驚懼;vt.使敬畏,使驚懼
參考例句:
  • The sight filled us with awe.這景色使我們大為驚嘆。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龍卷風使我們驚恐萬分。
101 bawdy RuDzP     
adj.淫猥的,下流的;n.粗話
參考例句:
  • After a few drinks,they were all singing bawdy songs at the top of their voices.喝了幾杯酒之后,他們就扯著嗓門唱一些下流歌曲。
  • His eyes were shrewd and bawdy.他的一雙眼睛機靈而輕佻。
102 moth a10y1     
n.蛾,蛀蟲
參考例句:
  • A moth was fluttering round the lamp.有一只蛾子撲打著翅膀繞著燈飛。
  • The sweater is moth-eaten.毛衣讓蛀蟲咬壞了。
103 glossy nfvxx     
adj.平滑的;有光澤的
參考例句:
  • I like these glossy spots.我喜歡這些閃閃發光的花點。
  • She had glossy black hair.她長著烏黑發亮的頭發。
104 vault 3K3zW     
n.拱形圓頂,地窖,地下室
參考例句:
  • The vault of this cathedral is very high.這座天主教堂的拱頂非常高。
  • The old patrician was buried in the family vault.這位老貴族埋在家族的墓地里。
105 vaulted MfjzTA     
adj.拱狀的
參考例句:
  • She vaulted over the gate and ran up the path. 她用手一撐躍過柵欄門沿著小路跑去。
  • The formal living room has a fireplace and vaulted ceilings. 正式的客廳有一個壁爐和拱形天花板。
106 wrought EoZyr     
v.引起;以…原料制作;運轉;adj.制造的
參考例句:
  • Events in Paris wrought a change in British opinion towards France and Germany.巴黎發生的事件改變了英國對法國和德國的看法。
  • It's a walking stick with a gold head wrought in the form of a flower.那是一個金質花形包頭的拐杖。
107 vice NU0zQ     
n.壞事;惡習;[pl.]臺鉗,老虎鉗;adj.副的
參考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上壞習慣。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他們墮入了罪惡的深淵。
108 pylon z0dzF     
n.高壓電線架,橋塔
參考例句:
  • A lineman is trying to repair the damaged pylon.線務員正試圖修理被損壞的電纜塔。
  • Erection of the pylon required a crane of 1000 ton capacity.塔架安裝需用起重量達1000噸的吊機。
109 aisle qxPz3     
n.(教堂、教室、戲院等里的)過道,通道
參考例句:
  • The aisle was crammed with people.過道上擠滿了人。
  • The girl ushered me along the aisle to my seat.引座小姐帶領我沿著通道到我的座位上去。
110 icon JbxxB     
n.偶像,崇拜的對象,畫像
參考例句:
  • They found an icon in the monastery.他們在修道院中發現了一個圣像。
  • Click on this icon to align or justify text.點擊這個圖標使文本排齊。
111 concise dY5yx     
adj.簡潔的,簡明的
參考例句:
  • The explanation in this dictionary is concise and to the point.這部詞典里的釋義簡明扼要。
  • I gave a concise answer about this.我對于此事給了一個簡要的答復。
112 twilight gKizf     
n.暮光,黃昏;暮年,晚期,衰落時期
參考例句:
  • Twilight merged into darkness.夕陽的光輝融于黑暗中。
  • Twilight was sweet with the smell of lilac and freshly turned earth.薄暮充滿紫丁香和新翻耕的泥土的香味。
113 briny JxPz6j     
adj.鹽水的;很咸的;n.海洋
參考例句:
  • The briny water is not good for the growth of the trees.海水不利于這種樹木的生長。
  • The briny air gave a foretaste of the nearby sea.咸空氣是快近海的前兆。
114 myopic SFtxF     
adj.目光短淺的,缺乏遠見的
參考例句:
  • The Government still has a myopic attitude to spending.政府在開支問題上仍然目光短淺。
  • Myopic views could be potentially damaging for us.目光短淺會給我們帶來嚴重的后果。
115 spicy zhvzrC     
adj.加香料的;辛辣的,有風味的
參考例句:
  • The soup tasted mildly spicy.湯嘗起來略有點辣。
  • Very spicy food doesn't suit her stomach.太辣的東西她吃了胃不舒服。
116 pliable ZBCyx     
adj.易受影響的;易彎的;柔順的,易駕馭的
參考例句:
  • Willow twigs are pliable.柳條很軟。
  • The finely twined baskets are made with young,pliable spruce roots.這些編織精美的籃子是用柔韌的云杉嫩樹根編成的。
117 transcribed 2f9e3c34adbe5528ff14427d7ed17557     
(用不同的錄音手段)轉錄( transcribe的過去式和過去分詞 ); 改編(樂曲)(以適應他種樂器或聲部); 抄寫; 用音標標出(聲音)
參考例句:
  • He transcribed two paragraphs from the book into his notebook. 他把書中的兩段抄在筆記本上。
  • Every telephone conversation will be recorded and transcribed. 所有電話交談都將被錄音并作全文轉寫。
118 ivy x31ys     
n.常青藤,常春藤
參考例句:
  • Her wedding bouquet consisted of roses and ivy.她的婚禮花籃包括玫瑰和長春藤。
  • The wall is covered all over with ivy.墻上爬滿了常春藤。
119 shutters 74d48a88b636ca064333022eb3458e1f     
百葉窗( shutter的名詞復數 ); (照相機的)快門
參考例句:
  • The shop-front is fitted with rolling shutters. 那商店的店門裝有卷門。
  • The shutters thumped the wall in the wind. 在風中百葉窗砰砰地碰在墻上。
120 ironic 1atzm     
adj.諷刺的,有諷刺意味的,出乎意料的
參考例句:
  • That is a summary and ironic end.那是一個具有概括性和諷刺意味的結局。
  • People used to call me Mr Popularity at high school,but they were being ironic.人們中學時常把我稱作“萬人迷先生”,但他們是在挖苦我。
121 indictment ybdzt     
n.起訴;訴狀
參考例句:
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起訴書送交最高法院。
  • They issued an indictment against them.他們起訴了他們。
122 mound unCzhy     
n.土墩,堤,小山;v.筑堤,用土堆防衛
參考例句:
  • The explorers climbed a mound to survey the land around them.勘探者爬上土丘去勘測周圍的土地。
  • The mound can be used as our screen.這個土丘可做我們的掩蔽物。
123 pouch Oi1y1     
n.小袋,小包,囊狀袋;vt.裝...入袋中,用袋運輸;vi.用袋送信件
參考例句:
  • He was going to make a tobacco pouch out of them. 他要用它們縫制一個煙草袋。
  • The old man is always carrying a tobacco pouch with him.這老漢總是隨身帶著煙袋。
124 carouse kXGzv     
v.狂歡;痛飲;n.狂飲的宴會
參考例句:
  • I am just enjoying carouse.我正在盡情地享受狂歡呢。
  • His followers did not carouse,like the troops of many warlord armies.他的部下也不象許多軍閥的軍隊那樣大吃大喝。
125 douse Dkdzf     
v.把…浸入水中,用水潑;n.潑灑
參考例句:
  • Men came with buckets of water and began to douse the flames.人們提來一桶桶水滅火。
  • He doused the flames with a fire extinguisher.他用滅火器把火焰撲滅。
126 abound wykz4     
vi.大量存在;(in,with)充滿,富于
參考例句:
  • Oranges abound here all the year round.這里一年到頭都有很多橙子。
  • But problems abound in the management of State-owned companies.但是在國有企業的管理中仍然存在不少問題。
127 shroud OEMya     
n.裹尸布,壽衣;罩,幕;vt.覆蓋,隱藏
參考例句:
  • His past was enveloped in a shroud of mystery.他的過去被裹上一層神秘色彩。
  • How can I do under shroud of a dark sky?在黑暗的天空的籠罩下,我該怎么做呢?
128 foul Sfnzy     
adj.污穢的;邪惡的;v.弄臟;妨害;犯規;n.犯規
參考例句:
  • Take off those foul clothes and let me wash them.脫下那些臟衣服讓我洗一洗。
  • What a foul day it is!多么惡劣的天氣!
129 rout isUye     
n.潰退,潰敗;v.擊潰,打垮
參考例句:
  • The enemy was put to rout all along the line.敵人已全線崩潰。
  • The people's army put all to rout wherever they went.人民軍隊所向披靡。
130 pounce 4uAyU     
n.猛撲;v.猛撲,突然襲擊,欣然同意
參考例句:
  • Why do you pounce on every single thing I say?干嗎我說的每句話你都要找麻煩?
  • We saw the tiger about to pounce on the goat.我們看見老虎要向那只山羊撲過去。
131 oust 5JDx2     
vt.剝奪,取代,驅逐
參考例句:
  • The committee wanted to oust him from the union.委員會想把他從工會中驅逐出去。
  • The leaders have been ousted from power by nationalists.這些領導人被民族主義者趕下了臺。
132 lout 83eyW     
n.粗鄙的人;舉止粗魯的人
參考例句:
  • He's just an ill-bred lout.他是個缺乏教養的鄉巴佬。
  • He had no training, no skills and he was just a big, bungling,useless lout!什么也不行,什么也不會,自己只是個傻大黑粗的廢物!
133 scowled b83aa6db95e414d3ef876bc7fd16d80d     
怒視,生氣地皺眉( scowl的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • He scowled his displeasure. 他滿臉嗔色。
  • The teacher scowled at his noisy class. 老師對他那喧鬧的課堂板著臉。
134 plowed 2de363079730210858ae5f5b15e702cf     
v.耕( plow的過去式和過去分詞 );犁耕;費力穿過
參考例句:
  • They plowed nearly 100,000 acres of virgin moorland. 他們犁了將近10萬英畝未開墾的高沼地。 來自辭典例句
  • He plowed the land and then sowed the seeds. 他先翻土,然后播種。 來自辭典例句
135 doused 737722b5593e3f3dd3200ca61260d71f     
v.澆水在…上( douse的過去式和過去分詞 );熄燈[火]
參考例句:
  • The car was doused in petrol and set alight. 這輛汽車被澆上汽油點燃了。
  • He doused the lamp,and we made our way back to the house. 他把燈熄掉,我們就回到屋子里去。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
136 vowed 6996270667378281d2f9ee561353c089     
起誓,發誓(vow的過去式與過去分詞形式)
參考例句:
  • He vowed quite solemnly that he would carry out his promise. 他非常莊嚴地發誓要實現他的諾言。
  • I vowed to do more of the cooking myself. 我發誓自己要多動手做飯。
137 oyster w44z6     
n.牡蠣;沉默寡言的人
參考例句:
  • I enjoy eating oyster; it's really delicious.我喜歡吃牡蠣,它味道真美。
  • I find I fairly like eating when he finally persuades me to taste the oyster.當他最后說服我嘗嘗牡蠣時,我發現我相當喜歡吃。
138 joyful N3Fx0     
adj.歡樂的,令人歡欣的
參考例句:
  • She was joyful of her good result of the scientific experiments.她為自己的科學實驗取得好成果而高興。
  • They were singing and dancing to celebrate this joyful occasion.他們唱著、跳著慶祝這令人歡樂的時刻。
139 despoil 49Iy2     
v.奪取,搶奪
參考例句:
  • The victorious army despoil the city of all its treasure.得勝的軍隊把城里的財寶劫掠一空。
  • He used his ruthless and destructive armies despoil everybody who lived within reach of his realm.他動用其破壞性的軍隊殘暴地掠奪國內的人民。
140 ointment 6vzy5     
n.藥膏,油膏,軟膏
參考例句:
  • Your foot will feel better after the application of this ointment.敷用這藥膏后,你的腳會感到舒服些。
  • This herbal ointment will help to close up your wound quickly.這種中草藥膏會幫助你的傷口很快愈合。
141 ploy FuQyE     
n.花招,手段
參考例句:
  • I think this is just a government ploy to deceive the public.我認為這只是政府欺騙公眾的手段。
  • Christmas should be a time of excitement and wonder,not a cynical marketing ploy.圣誕節應該是興奮和美妙的時刻,而不該是一種肆無忌憚的營銷策略。
142 cloister QqJz8     
n.修道院;v.隱退,使與世隔絕
參考例句:
  • They went out into the stil,shadowy cloister garden.他們出了房間,走到那個寂靜陰沉的修道院的園子里去。
  • The ancient cloister was a structure of red brick picked out with white stone.古老的修道院是一座白石襯托著的紅磚建筑物。
143 hoist rdizD     
n.升高,起重機,推動;v.升起,升高,舉起
參考例句:
  • By using a hoist the movers were able to sling the piano to the third floor.搬運工人用吊車才把鋼琴吊到3樓。
  • Hoist the Chinese flag on the flagpole,please!請在旗桿上升起中國國旗!
144 broil xsRzl     
v.烤,燒,爭吵,怒罵;n.烤,燒,爭吵,怒罵
參考例句:
  • Bake,broil,grill or roast foods rather than fry them.燒烤或烘烤而不要油炸食物。
  • He is in a broil of indignation.此刻他正怒氣沖沖。
145 recoil GA4zL     
vi.退卻,退縮,畏縮
參考例句:
  • Most people would recoil at the sight of the snake.許多人看見蛇都會向后退縮。
  • Revenge may recoil upon the person who takes it.報復者常會受到報應。
146 aster dydznG     
n.紫菀屬植物
參考例句:
  • This white aster is magnificent.這棵白色的紫苑是壯麗的。
  • Every aster in my hand goes home loaded with a thought.我手中捧著朵朵翠菊,隨我歸鄉帶著一片情思。
147 asteroid uo1yD     
n.小行星;海盤車(動物)
參考例句:
  • Astronomers have yet to witness an asteroid impact with another planet.天文學家還沒有目擊過小行星撞擊其它行星。
  • It's very unlikely that an asteroid will crash into Earth but the danger exists.小行星撞地球的可能性很小,但這樣的危險還是存在的。
148 toil WJezp     
vi.辛勞工作,艱難地行動;n.苦工,難事
參考例句:
  • The wealth comes from the toil of the masses.財富來自大眾的辛勤勞動。
  • Every single grain is the result of toil.每一粒糧食都來之不易。
149 poise ySTz9     
vt./vi. 平衡,保持平衡;n.泰然自若,自信
參考例句:
  • She hesitated briefly but quickly regained her poise.她猶豫片刻,但很快恢復了鎮靜。
  • Ballet classes are important for poise and grace.芭蕾課對培養優雅的姿儀非常重要。
150 voyeur IMSzz     
n.窺淫狂者,窺隱私者
參考例句:
  • The media has made unfeeling voyeurs of all of us.媒體把我們所有人都變成了無情刺探他人隱私的人。
  • A voyeur was seen lurking around the girl's dormitory.有人看到一位偷窺狂躲藏在女生宿舍附近。
151 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了當的
參考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他給我一支削得非常尖的鉛筆。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通過對達茨伍德夫人提出直截了當的邀請向她的哥哥表示出來。
152 devoid dZzzx     
adj.全無的,缺乏的
參考例句:
  • He is completely devoid of humour.他十分缺乏幽默。
  • The house is totally devoid of furniture.這所房子里什么家具都沒有。
153 poignant FB1yu     
adj.令人痛苦的,辛酸的,慘痛的
參考例句:
  • His lyrics are as acerbic and poignant as they ever have been.他的歌詞一如既往的犀利辛辣。
  • It is especially poignant that he died on the day before his wedding.他在婚禮前一天去世了,這尤其令人悲慟。
154 oysters 713202a391facaf27aab568d95bdc68f     
牡蠣( oyster的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • We don't have oysters tonight, but the crayfish are very good. 我們今晚沒有牡蠣供應。但小龍蝦是非常好。
  • She carried a piping hot grill of oysters and bacon. 她端出一盤滾燙的烤牡蠣和咸肉。
155 toiled 599622ddec16892278f7d146935604a3     
長時間或辛苦地工作( toil的過去式和過去分詞 ); 艱難緩慢地移動,跋涉
參考例句:
  • They toiled up the hill in the blazing sun. 他們冒著炎炎烈日艱難地一步一步爬上山岡。
  • He toiled all day long but earned very little. 他整天勞碌但掙得很少。
156 boisterous it0zJ     
adj.喧鬧的,歡鬧的
參考例句:
  • I don't condescend to boisterous displays of it.我并不屈就于它熱熱鬧鬧的外表。
  • The children tended to gather together quietly for a while before they broke into boisterous play.孩子們經常是先靜靜地聚集在一起,不一會就開始吵吵嚷嚷戲耍開了。
157 joints d97dcffd67eca7255ca514e4084b746e     
接頭( joint的名詞復數 ); 關節; 公共場所(尤指價格低廉的飲食和娛樂場所) (非正式); 一塊烤肉 (英式英語)
參考例句:
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on gas mains. 各種各樣的伸縮接頭被安裝在煤氣的總管道上了。
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on steam pipes. 各種各樣的伸縮接頭被安裝在蒸氣管道上了。
158 royalty iX6xN     
n.皇家,皇族
參考例句:
  • She claims to be descended from royalty.她聲稱她是皇室后裔。
  • I waited on tables,and even catered to royalty at the Royal Albert Hall.我做過服務生, 甚至在皇家阿伯特大廳侍奉過皇室的人。
159 spoke XryyC     
n.(車輪的)輻條;輪輻;破壞某人的計劃;阻撓某人的行動 v.講,談(speak的過去式);說;演說;從某種觀點來說
參考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他們的輪輻螺帽是從我們公司獲得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.輻條是輪子上連接外圈與中心的條棒。
160 exult lhBzC     
v.狂喜,歡騰;歡欣鼓舞
參考例句:
  • Few people would not exult at the abolition of slavery.奴隸制被廢除了,人們無不為之歡樂鼓舞。
  • Let's exult with the children at the drawing near of Children's Day.六一兒童節到了,讓我們陪著小朋友們一起歡騰。
161 deluxe Auzzuf     
adj.華美的,豪華的,高級的
參考例句:
  • This system puts the top hotels in a special deluxe category.這種分類法把最高級的旅館列為特殊豪華級。
  • I liked the deluxe edition,but I could afford only a second best.我喜歡精裝版,但我只買得起一本稍差一點的。
162 hush ecMzv     
int.噓,別出聲;n.沉默,靜寂;v.使安靜
參考例句:
  • A hush fell over the onlookers.旁觀者們突然靜了下來。
  • Do hush up the scandal!不要把這丑事聲張出去!
163 hull 8c8xO     
n.船身;(果、實等的)外殼;vt.去(谷物等)殼
參考例句:
  • The outer surface of ship's hull is very hard.船體的外表面非常堅硬。
  • The boat's hull has been staved in by the tremendous seas.小船殼讓巨浪打穿了。
164 stump hGbzY     
n.殘株,煙蒂,講演臺;v.砍斷,蹣跚而走
參考例句:
  • He went on the stump in his home state.他到故鄉所在的州去發表演說。
  • He used the stump as a table.他把樹樁用作桌子。
165 bunk zWyzS     
n.(車、船等倚壁而設的)鋪位;廢話
參考例句:
  • He left his bunk and went up on deck again.他離開自己的鋪位再次走到甲板上。
  • Most economists think his theories are sheer bunk.大多數經濟學家認為他的理論純屬胡說。
166 ruffle oX9xW     
v.弄皺,弄亂;激怒,擾亂;n.褶裥飾邊
參考例句:
  • Don't ruffle my hair.I've just combed it.別把我的頭發弄亂了。我剛剛梳好了的。
  • You shouldn't ruffle so easily.你不該那么容易發脾氣。
167 rummage dCJzb     
v./n.翻尋,仔細檢查
參考例句:
  • He had a good rummage inside the sofa.他把沙發內部徹底搜尋了一翻。
  • The old lady began to rummage in her pocket for her spectacles.老太太開始在口袋里摸索,找她的眼鏡。
168 abduct 7Iwy9     
vt.誘拐,拐帶,綁架
參考例句:
  • The police caught the man who tried to abduct the boy for ransom.警察抓住了那個企圖拐走這男孩以便勒索贖金的家伙。
  • The news that we see those use network abduct children sometimes filled with apprehension.我們有時看到那些利用網絡誘拐兒童的新聞都心驚肉跳。
169 slumber 8E7zT     
n.睡眠,沉睡狀態
參考例句:
  • All the people in the hotels were wrapped in deep slumber.住在各旅館里的人都已進入夢鄉。
  • Don't wake him from his slumber because he needs the rest.不要把他從睡眠中喚醒,因為他需要休息。
170 glutton y6GyF     
n.貪食者,好食者
參考例句:
  • She's a glutton for work.She stays late every evening.她是個工作狂,每天都很晚才下班。
  • He is just a glutton.He is addicted to excessive eating.他就是個老饕,貪吃成性。
171 mumble KwYyP     
n./v.喃喃而語,咕噥
參考例句:
  • Her grandmother mumbled in her sleep.她祖母含混不清地說著夢話。
  • He could hear the low mumble of Navarro's voice.他能聽到納瓦羅在小聲咕噥。
172 stuntman CtrwC     
n.特技演員
參考例句:
  • The stuntman will double for the main actor during the action scenes.一些動作場景中,特技演員代替主演。
  • The stuntman flew the aircraft upside-down within a hair's breadth of the rooftops.那位做電影演員替身的雜技演員駕駛著飛機翻過來又倒過去,差一點撞著平頂房的屋頂。
173 puddle otNy9     
n.(雨)水坑,泥潭
參考例句:
  • The boy hopped the mud puddle and ran down the walk.這個男孩跳過泥坑,沿著人行道跑了。
  • She tripped over and landed in a puddle.她絆了一下,跌在水坑里。
174 brunch kWxzP     
n.早午餐
參考例句:
  • They eat much the same thing for brunch every day.每天早午餐他們總是吃同樣的東西。
  • What did you have for your brunch?你早午飯都吃些什么?
175 mumbled 3855fd60b1f055fa928ebec8bcf3f539     
含糊地說某事,嘰咕,咕噥( mumble的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • He mumbled something to me which I did not quite catch. 他對我嘰咕了幾句話,可我沒太聽清楚。
  • George mumbled incoherently to himself. 喬治語無倫次地喃喃自語。
176 crumbs crumbs     
int. (表示驚訝)哎呀 n. 碎屑 名詞crumb的復數形式
參考例句:
  • She stood up and brushed the crumbs from her sweater. 她站起身撣掉了毛衣上的面包屑。
  • Oh crumbs! Is that the time? 啊,天哪!都這會兒啦?
177 fabric 3hezG     
n.織物,織品,布;構造,結構,組織
參考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.這種織品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜歡那塊布料上的圖案。
178 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤頂,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛舉;n.(Jake)杰克
參考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找尋頭戴式耳機插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤頂把車頂起來換下癟輪胎。
179 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持續,地位;adj.永久的,不動的,直立的,不流動的
參考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震過后只有幾幢房屋還立著。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他們堅決反對對法律做任何修改。
180 rammed 99b2b7e6fc02f63b92d2b50ea750a532     
v.夯實(土等)( ram的過去式和過去分詞 );猛撞;猛壓;反復灌輸
參考例句:
  • Two passengers were injured when their taxi was rammed from behind by a bus. 公共汽車從后面撞來,出租車上的兩位乘客受了傷。
  • I rammed down the earth around the newly-planted tree. 我將新栽的樹周圍的土搗硬。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
181 halfway Xrvzdq     
adj.中途的,不徹底的,部分的;adv.半路地,在中途,在半途
參考例句:
  • We had got only halfway when it began to get dark.走到半路,天就黑了。
  • In study the worst danger is give up halfway.在學習上,最忌諱的是有始無終。
182 alcove EKMyU     
n.凹室
參考例句:
  • The bookcase fits neatly into the alcove.書架正好放得進壁凹。
  • In the alcoves on either side of the fire were bookshelves.火爐兩邊的凹室里是書架。
183 anthem vMRyj     
n.圣歌,贊美詩,頌歌
參考例句:
  • All those present were standing solemnly when the national anthem was played.奏國歌時全場肅立。
  • As he stood on the winner's rostrum,he sang the words of the national anthem.他站在冠軍領獎臺上,唱起了國歌。
184 bass APUyY     
n.男低音(歌手);低音樂器;低音大提琴
參考例句:
  • He answered my question in a surprisingly deep bass.他用一種低得出奇的聲音回答我的問題。
  • The bass was to give a concert in the park.那位男低音歌唱家將在公園中舉行音樂會。
185 huddled 39b87f9ca342d61fe478b5034beb4139     
擠在一起(huddle的過去式與過去分詞形式)
參考例句:
  • We huddled together for warmth. 我們擠在一塊取暖。
  • We huddled together to keep warm. 我們擠在一起來保暖。
186 obstinate m0dy6     
adj.頑固的,倔強的,不易屈服的,較難治愈的
參考例句:
  • She's too obstinate to let anyone help her.她太倔強了,不會讓任何人幫她的。
  • The trader was obstinate in the negotiation.這個商人在談判中拗強固執。
187 obelisk g5MzA     
n.方尖塔
參考例句:
  • The obelisk was built in memory of those who died for their country.這座方尖塔是為了紀念那些為祖國獻身的人而建造的。
  • Far away on the last spur,there was a glittering obelisk.遠處,在最后一個山巒上閃爍著一個方尖塔。
188 bog QtfzF     
n.沼澤;室...陷入泥淖
參考例句:
  • We were able to pass him a rope before the bog sucked him under.我們終于得以在沼澤把他吞沒前把繩子扔給他。
  • The path goes across an area of bog.這條小路穿過一片沼澤。
189 gondola p6vyK     
n.威尼斯的平底輕舟;飛船的吊船
參考例句:
  • The road is too narrow to allow the passage of gondola.這條街太窄大型貨車不能通過。
  • I have a gondola here.我開來了一條平底船。
190 grotto h5Byz     
n.洞穴
參考例句:
  • We reached a beautiful grotto,whose entrance was almost hiden by the vine.我們到達了一個美麗的洞穴,洞的進口幾乎被藤蔓遮掩著。
  • Water trickles through an underground grotto.水沿著地下巖洞流淌。
191 preoccupied TPBxZ     
adj.全神貫注的,入神的;被搶先占有的;心事重重的v.占據(某人)思想,使對…全神貫注,使專心于( preoccupy的過去式)
參考例句:
  • He was too preoccupied with his own thoughts to notice anything wrong. 他只顧想著心事,沒注意到有什么不對。
  • The question of going to the Mount Tai preoccupied his mind. 去游泰山的問題盤踞在他心頭。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
192 groggy YeMzB     
adj.體弱的;不穩的
參考例句:
  • The attack of flu left her feeling very groggy.她患流感后非常虛弱。
  • She was groggy from surgery.她手術后的的情況依然很不穩定。
193 hopped 91b136feb9c3ae690a1c2672986faa1c     
跳上[下]( hop的過去式和過去分詞 ); 單足蹦跳; 齊足(或雙足)跳行; 摘葎草花
參考例句:
  • He hopped onto a car and wanted to drive to town. 他跳上汽車想開向市區。
  • He hopped into a car and drove to town. 他跳進汽車,向市區開去。
194 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.無名的;匿名的;無特色的
參考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行為。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公開。
195 Portuguese alRzLs     
n.葡萄牙人;葡萄牙語
參考例句:
  • They styled their house in the Portuguese manner.他們仿照葡萄牙的風格設計自己的房子。
  • Her family is Portuguese in origin.她的家族是葡萄牙血統。
196 lighter 5pPzPR     
n.打火機,點火器;駁船;v.用駁船運送;light的比較級
參考例句:
  • The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.這張畫經過潤色,色調明朗了一些。
  • The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽車蓄電池打火。
197 hurdle T5YyU     
n.跳欄,欄架;障礙,困難;vi.進行跨欄賽
參考例句:
  • The weather will be the biggest hurdle so I have to be ready.天氣將會是最大的障礙,所以我必須要作好準備。
  • She clocked 11.6 seconds for the 80 metre hurdle.八十米跳欄賽跑她跑了十一秒六。
198 scourge FD2zj     
n.災難,禍害;v.蹂躪
參考例句:
  • Smallpox was once the scourge of the world.天花曾是世界的大患。
  • The new boss was the scourge of the inefficient.新老板來了以后,不稱職的人就遭殃了。
199 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作關系,伙伴關系
參考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.這家公司已經和瑞士銀行公司建立合作關系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.馬丁已讓他成為公司的普通合伙人。
200 sergeants c7d22f6a91d2c5f9f5a4fd4d5721dfa0     
警官( sergeant的名詞復數 ); (美國警察)警佐; (英國警察)巡佐; 陸軍(或空軍)中士
參考例句:
  • Platoon sergeants fell their men in on the barrack square. 排長們在營房廣場上整頓隊伍。
  • The recruits were soon licked into shape by the drill sergeants. 新兵不久便被教育班長訓練得象樣了。
201 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有資格的,勝任的,有限制的
參考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有資格當真正的文學家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我們必須看到我們還缺乏有資質的專家。
202 arbor fyIzz0     
n.涼亭;樹木
參考例句:
  • They sat in the arbor and chatted over tea.他們坐在涼亭里,邊喝茶邊聊天。
  • You may have heard of Arbor Day at school.你可能在學校里聽過植樹節。
203 orphan QJExg     
n.孤兒;adj.無父母的
參考例句:
  • He brought up the orphan and passed onto him his knowledge of medicine.他把一個孤兒養大,并且把自己的醫術傳給了他。
  • The orphan had been reared in a convent by some good sisters.這個孤兒在一所修道院里被幾個好心的修女帶大。
204 implore raSxX     
vt.乞求,懇求,哀求
參考例句:
  • I implore you to write. At least tell me you're alive.請給我音訊,讓我知道你還活著。
  • Please implore someone else's help in a crisis.危險時請向別人求助。
205 adorned 1e50de930eb057fcf0ac85ca485114c8     
[計]被修飾的
參考例句:
  • The walls were adorned with paintings. 墻上裝飾了繪畫。
  • And his coat was adorned with a flamboyant bunch of flowers. 他的外套上面裝飾著一束艷麗刺目的鮮花。
206 gory Xy5yx     
adj.流血的;殘酷的
參考例句:
  • I shuddered when I heard the gory details.我聽到血淋淋的詳情,戰栗不已。
  • The newspaper account of the accident gave all the gory details.報紙上報道了這次事故中所有駭人聽聞的細節。
207 spores c0cc8819fa73268b5ec019dbe33b798c     
n.(細菌、苔蘚、蕨類植物)孢子( spore的名詞復數 )v.(細菌、苔蘚、蕨類植物)孢子( spore的第三人稱單數 )
參考例句:
  • Ferns, mosses and fungi spread by means of spores. 蕨類植物、苔蘚和真菌通過孢子傳播蔓生。
  • Spores form a lipid membrane during the process of reproducing. 孢于在生殖過程中形成類脂膜。 來自英漢非文學 - 生命科學 - 預防生物武器
208 ornament u4czn     
v.裝飾,美化;n.裝飾,裝飾物
參考例句:
  • The flowers were put on the table for ornament.花放在桌子上做裝飾用。
  • She wears a crystal ornament on her chest.她的前胸戴了一個水晶飾品。
209 concord 9YDzx     
n.和諧;協調
參考例句:
  • These states had lived in concord for centuries.這些國家幾個世紀以來一直和睦相處。
  • His speech did nothing for racial concord.他的講話對種族和諧沒有作用。
210 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
參考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.風吹得樹輕輕地來回搖晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快連續發表了一系列的作品。
211 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤兒( orphan的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 貧苦的孤兒們吃不飽飯。
  • Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 這些孤兒的叔父成為他們的監護人。
212 lair R2jx2     
n.野獸的巢穴;躲藏處
參考例句:
  • How can you catch tiger cubs without entering the tiger's lair?不入虎穴,焉得虎子?
  • I retired to my lair,and wrote some letters.我回到自己的躲藏處,寫了幾封信。
213 impair Ia4x2     
v.損害,損傷;削弱,減少
參考例句:
  • Loud noise can impair your hearing.巨大的噪音有損聽覺。
  • It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.這不能磨滅青年人思想活力。
214 jeer caXz5     
vi.嘲弄,揶揄;vt.奚落;n.嘲笑,譏評
參考例句:
  • Do not jeer at the mistakes or misfortunes of others.不要嘲笑別人的錯誤或不幸。
  • The children liked to jeer at the awkward students.孩子們喜歡嘲笑笨拙的學生。
215 weird bghw8     
adj.古怪的,離奇的;怪誕的,神秘而可怕的
參考例句:
  • From his weird behaviour,he seems a bit of an oddity.從他不尋常的行為看來,他好像有點怪。
  • His weird clothes really gas me.他的怪衣裳簡直笑死人。
216 steer 5u5w3     
vt.駕駛,為…操舵;引導;vi.駕駛
參考例句:
  • If you push the car, I'll steer it.如果你來推車,我就來駕車。
  • It's no use trying to steer the boy into a course of action that suits you.想說服這孩子按你的方式行事是徒勞的。
217 earring xrOxK     
n.耳環,耳飾
參考例句:
  • How long have you worn that earring?你戴那個耳環多久了?
  • I have an earring but can't find its companion.我現在只有一只耳環,找不到另一只了。
218 allure 4Vqz9     
n.誘惑力,魅力;vt.誘惑,引誘,吸引
參考例句:
  • The window displays allure customers to buy goods.櫥窗陳列品吸引顧客購買貨物。
  • The book has a certain allure for which it is hard to find a reason.這本書有一種難以解釋的魅力。
219 azure 6P3yh     
adj.天藍色的,蔚藍色的
參考例句:
  • His eyes are azure.他的眼睛是天藍色的。
  • The sun shone out of a clear azure sky.清朗蔚藍的天空中陽光明媚。
220 moor T6yzd     
n.荒野,沼澤;vt.(使)停泊;vi.停泊
參考例句:
  • I decided to moor near some tourist boats.我決定在一些觀光船附近停泊。
  • There were hundreds of the old huts on the moor.沼地上有成百上千的古老的石屋。
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