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西方會計英語Unit eight Acquisition accounting

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[00:03.66]Text 8.2        Honeymoon1 accounting2 offers financial advantag
[00:09.74]The launch last week of TI Group's hostile bid for Dowty, the aerospace3 company ,raised familiar questions about how Mr Christopher Lewinto
[00:18.26]the TI chairman accounts for acquisitions in his rapidly growing engineering grou
[00:23.69]Although wihin accounting standards, TI's past treatment of acquisitions is almost certain to figure prominently in Dowty's defence this mont
[00:31.76]The ensuring debate will again highlight current accounting rules which grant acquiring companies a financial honeymoon during which to reorganise their priz
[00:40.54]a luxury not available to the same degree to incumbent4 management
[00:44.59]Ironically Mr Michael Garner5, TI's finance director ,is a member of the Accounting Standards Board which later this year will produce a draft standard covering the treatment of fair value adjustments on acquisition
[00:57.23]This well-established practice allows the cost of reorganising an acquisition to be defrayed without impacting on profit
[01:05.31]It has been widely criticised as a way in which ordinary operating costs can be 'lost' boosting reported profits and earning
[01:13.25]The acquisition accounting issue looms6 particularly large for T
[01:17.66]Its rapid transformation7 since 1986 from Tube Investment has involved a heavy acquisition programme and an equally heavy use of fair value adjustment
[01:27.82]Over the period it spent about $500m on acquisitions and another $100m on reorganisatio
[01:34.69]Almost all acquisitive companies make use of the practic
[01:38.51]At its simplest it allows an acquiring company to identify costs of reorganisation
[01:43.92]redundancies and plant closures  and to set up provisions in the balance sheet against which future costs can be charge
[01:50.97]But in 1990, TI was widely criticised in the City for taking the practice to the limits of what was acceptabl
[01:58.18]Fair value provisions are usually set up soon after an acquisition and released over 18 month
[02:03.92]In its 1989 accounts TI made $92m of fair value provisions,some £59m of which related to'additional'goodwill write-offs relating to its 1988 acquisitions.
[02:17.43]The 'additional'provision was more than half that year's pre-tax profits of $112
[02:24.43]Critics said these costs ,referred to as a major rationalisation of manufacturing facilitie
[02:30.49]systems and organisational structures in the 1989 accounts,might have been better treated as exceptionals or operating costs in what was by then an on-going busines
[02:41.70]Mr Lewinton and Mr Garner insist there was nothing wrong with this treatment-and indeed Price Waterhouse, TI's auditors8, did not qualify the account
[02:51.21]"We had always had an agreement with our auditors that we would not rush to finalise provisions in one balance sheet,said,Mr Garne
[02:58.78]The reasoning behind this 'second bite' at the provisions had,however ,been poorly  communicated to the Cit
[03:06.20]Some analysts9 have argued there is more to TI's second bit
[03:10.69]First of all, TI had 11 months after the acquisition of Bundy, in Apirl 1988 ,before the auditors signed off the 1988 accounts during which to identify potential write-off
[03:23.08]It also had an opportunity before the bid ,which was agreed, and allowed TI to do full due diligence on Bund
[03:30.70]Mr Garner said that the opportunity for further restrucucturing ,and therefore additional provision
[03:36.53]only came to light once senior members of the Bundy board left nearly a year after the acquistion and fresh ideas from more junior executives surface
[03:45.72]The debate is not academic as it has implications for TI's cash flo
[03:50.90]TI's unbroken record of strongly positive funds generation since 1986 would be severely10 dented11 if some of its past provisions were treated as on-going operating cost
[04:01.01]In 1989, for instance,a tougher accounting treatment of the second Bundy provision would have meant TI's operations were actually a drain on fund


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 honeymoon ucnxc     
n.蜜月(假期);vi.度蜜月
參考例句:
  • While on honeymoon in Bali,she learned to scuba dive.她在巴厘島度蜜月時學會了帶水肺潛水。
  • The happy pair are leaving for their honeymoon.這幸福的一對就要去度蜜月了。
2 accounting nzSzsY     
n.會計,會計學,借貸對照表
參考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.財會部出現了一個空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.這筆賬目里有差錯。
3 aerospace CK2yf     
adj.航空的,宇宙航行的
參考例句:
  • The world's entire aerospace industry is feeling the chill winds of recession.全世界的航空航天工業都感受到了經濟衰退的寒意。
  • Edward Murphy was an aerospace engineer for the US Army.愛德華·墨菲是一名美軍的航宇工程師。
4 incumbent wbmzy     
adj.成為責任的,有義務的;現任的,在職的
參考例句:
  • He defeated the incumbent governor by a large plurality.他以壓倒多數票擊敗了現任州長。
  • It is incumbent upon you to warn them.你有責任警告他們。
5 garner jhZxS     
v.收藏;取得
參考例句:
  • He has garnered extensive support for his proposals.他的提議得到了廣泛的支持。
  • Squirrels garner nuts for the winter.松鼠為過冬儲存松果。
6 looms 802b73dd60a3cebff17088fed01c2705     
n.織布機( loom的名詞復數 )v.隱約出現,陰森地逼近( loom的第三人稱單數 );隱約出現,陰森地逼近
參考例句:
  • All were busily engaged,men at their ploughs,women at their looms. 大家都很忙,男的耕田,女的織布。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The factory has twenty-five looms. 那家工廠有25臺織布機。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
7 transformation SnFwO     
n.變化;改造;轉變
參考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大學使她的觀念發生了巨大的變化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由單身漢變為可靠的丈夫。
8 auditors 7c9d6c4703cbc39f1ec2b27542bc5d1a     
n.審計員,稽核員( auditor的名詞復數 );(大學課程的)旁聽生
參考例句:
  • The company has been in litigation with its previous auditors for a full year. 那家公司與前任審計員已打了整整一年的官司。
  • a meeting to discuss the annual accounts and the auditors' report thereon 討論年度報表及其審計報告的會議
9 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化驗員( analyst的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 倫敦金融分析家預測今年的利潤非常豐厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人員和分析人員的高素質給我留下了深刻印象。
10 severely SiCzmk     
adv.嚴格地;嚴厲地;非常惡劣地
參考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了嚴厲的批評并且被撤了職。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了嚴厲的批評。
11 dented dented     
v.使產生凹痕( dent的過去式和過去分詞 );損害;傷害;挫傷(信心、名譽等)
參考例句:
  • The back of the car was badly dented in the collision. 汽車尾部被撞后嚴重凹陷。
  • I'm afraid I've dented the car. 恐怕我把車子撞癟了一些。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
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